Women and Girls: Catalyzing Change in the Climate Crisis | SkollWF 2018

I have the pleasure of
introducing the moderator for our session today,
Katherine Wilkinson, who is a senior writer
at Project Drawdown, where she’s collaborated
with Paul Hawkins, on the New York Times
Best Seller Drawdown. The most comprehensive plan
ever proposed to reverse global warming. In this book and in many
other forms of literature, we know that women and girls
are both deeply affected by climate change and also a
significant source of solutions for our climate change
mitigation and adaptation. Katherine, in addition to
working on Project Drawdown, previously wrote, Between God
and Green: How Evangelicals are Cultivating a Middle
Ground on Climate Change. So, she’ll have a lot to
offer in moderating this panel with our illustrious speakers
and I’m happy to introduce her now. (everyone clapping) – Thank you, Anna. So, we’re gonna do something
a little bit different in this session than in most. The topic of women and girls
and climate change is vast, and very multifaceted. And we’re gonna come, kind of
into proximity with different aspects of that nexus through
the work of our panelists. But, we’re gonna spend just
a few minutes with some very high level pieces of our work
at Project Drawdown to set a bit of global context for
this interception generally. So, what’s in a name Drawdown. In the context of climate,
the term refers to the point in time at which the
concentration of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere peaks,
and then begins to decline on a year-to-year basis. It is really about a threshold
at which we head back to conditions that are most conducive for life on this planet. And living as we are in terra
nova atmospheric conditions that the human species has
never survived within, we think that Drawdown is both the goal
that makes sense for humanity in terms of its boldness and
its aspiration, but it’s also a goal that makes sense to humans, right? To non-climate experts. As an eighth grade boy
said to me in October, his description of
Drawdown was (whistling). (speaker laughs) Right, turn around and go the other way. Drawdrawn the book is the
first snapshot of our work as a living research and
communication project that focuses on mapping, measuring, and
modeling the most substantive, existing solutions, technologies
and practices that we already have in hand,
that we’re already using, and ask the question, if we
scale those solutions vigorously but plausibly between now and
the middle of the century, can we get to Drawdown? That’s the jist of our work, it’s really about kind of
putting together a blue print of what is possible based on the tools we already have in hand. There are 100 solutions in
the book, and they really are about reflecting back to
humanity our collective wisdom. Right, so our work was
to use the existing data, the existing research, the
existing knowledge that we have, but to gather and codify it,
and share it back in a way that’s accessible to anyone. And probably, important
context for this session, but background for Drawdown
generally is we look both at solutions that avoid sending
greenhouse gas emissions up, but also those that harness
the power of bio-sequestration to bring Carbon back home. And it’s in the combination
of those two pieces that Drawdown is actually possible. This is a dramatic
over-simplification of the work distilled onto one slide. This is what we found. (speaker clears throat) These are the solutions in
rank order of their potential emissions’ impact over 30 years. What I think you start to see
when you look at this whole picture of Drawdown solutions,
is that there are footholds of action for every single
individual and every single institution on the planet. It really opens up spaces to play on addressing climate change. Some of them have
disproportionate benefit for women and girls, like clean cook stoves. But there’s also a section in
the book, and you can see them called out here, that we
actually call women and girls because it focuses on three
solutions that specifically addressed gender inequities
and look at the impact of advancing key rights of
women and girls that happen to have positive ripple
effects on emissions. Those three solutions, the first
one is women small holders. So this focuses on the
gender gap in agriculture, and the impact that closing
the gap in land rights and productive inputs could
have on increasing farm yields and avoiding deforestation. The number six solution is
educating girls, which is about closing the gap on universal
education through secondary school, and it goes hand
in hand with number seven: family planning. Which is about ensuring access
to high-quality, voluntary, reproductive healthcare, right? So, things that women say they
want and need and don’t have. These two solutions begin
and end with rights, and that’s reason enough,
that’s all the reason we need, right, to pursue them. And, at the same time, addressing
these gaps in education and family planning. That’s what will land us,
perhaps, at the U.N.’s medium population projection for 2050, as opposed to the high
population projection. So what we’ve looked at in
Drawdown is what’s the impact of that additional billion
or so feet, pairs of feet, on the planet? And we split it evenly. It’s about 120 gigatons
of avoided emissions. We split it evenly between
family planning and educating girls, because it’s very hard
to tell where one leaves off and the other begins in terms of impact. But if you add them together,
educating girls and family planning is a number one solution
to address global warming. So it’s, I think, an important
something that people in this room understand well. It is not a very present
part of the climate discourse generally, we hope that Drawdown
is helping to shift that, and helping to lift up
the importance of choice and empowerment for women
for many, many reasons, and many, many positive ripple effects. And one of them happens to be
the aspiration of Drawdown. So I’m gonna stop there, bring
up our amazing panelists. Are you ready? (speaker giggles) Agnes Lena, Giana Fie, and
Willie Fitt, would you all come join me? (everyone clapping) I have to give credit
to this, to Jess Search, who’s brilliant moderation everyone saw in the opening plenary. I showed her some of the
questions that we were gonna talk about, and she had a good change. So, before we get proximate
with the work that you are doing, I want to zoom way out, ten second highlighting thought. Can we avoid global warming
without unwinding patriarchy? We can start anywhere. – No. (everyone chuckles) – You still have nine seconds. – I’m done. – It’d be hard. – Agnes, could we start with you? Would you kind of bring us
into proximity with the work that you’re doing at this
nexus of women and girls and climate. – Okay, my name is Agnes Lena, from Kenya. I founded an organization called Il’laramatak Community
Concerns, it’s a Maasai word. And it means Pastoralists
Community Concerns. And Pastoralists in Laramatuk
means caregivers, caretakers. Or caretakers, whatever it mean. But it is Pastoralist, because I come from a Pastoralist community. People who depend solely on livestock for their livelihoods and their food. 50% of food, even more,
is accrued from livestock because Pastoralist is a natural culture, among the Pastoralist communities. And the reason why I started
this organization daily is to concentrate fully
on women and girls. Having grown up as a Pastoralist myself, I know and I understand
all the problems that young girls face from childhood until adulthood. And I will thank God for the
education that I received through other people. And that’s why I started the organization, to do exactly that. Give an opportunity in
education to a young girl who could otherwise never
have had an opportunity to go to school. And through education of
girls, we transform them. Pastoralist girls face many,
many problem especially as they grow up. Their parents, or rather
Pastoralist communities 80% and above are illiterate. And for an illiterate person
to understand what climate is, they don’t even understand. So we have to build compassion,
not because they’re stupid, but it just goes through what
we call community dialogue. For them to come to that
point where you say ah-hah! Actually we never used to
have this proximity, kind of, droughts, it used to be 10 years before, five years before another drought. These days, it goes even up to 10 years. The drought season is
becoming more and more, much longer. Like now we’ve just had four
years of no rain in Cadeado. And the last few weeks it’s been raining. You should see the joy in their
life, in the women’s faces that they want it to last,
the greenness, their cattle, their cows, their goods are giving back. And that’s their life
of a Pastoralist woman. But, during drought, 72%
of their hours a year are spent looking for water. 72% is too much. They have no lives, absolutely. And along side with that, young girls will not attend school. For that reason, they have
to drop and go and help their parents to look for water. Because you cannot watch
your mother getting so tired of fetching the water, and
you’re just saying that they gave you money and you go to school. But when you come back
home, even you will be given a 20 liter jar to go and fetch water. So you have no time to do your
homework, you have no time to study, your performance
will go down, and of course, the same thing will happen
to the boys, but in any way, always, women and girls affected more. What about imagining the
girls again, they come home and they have no water, and
without that you all know the problems of that, you know. Menstrual problem and all that,
and then you have no water to shower, so tell me if you
go back to school the next day? Technically you not go. You be laughed at. The boys especially, will be saying, so what’s smell in here? That’s is courage goes down completely. And that leads to school drop out. It even leads to early marriage. She doesn’t understand what’s
the point of going to school. That’s a natural thing that
only God created among us, and then you are expected to
have fear of going to school? The next thing, during
drought, girls are likely to get married at a very early age. I’ll tell you why. For us Pastoralists, education
is a rather emotional issue. For our organization, our
key issue is education of black girl, because education
is not an emotional issue among a Pastoralist
community, marriage is. So, right now as we talk, I’ve
just told you we’ve come back from four years of drought,
it started raining. So many parents have lost their cattle. And the next thing, a parent
will come, just figure this out, as I told you education
is not an emotional issue, marriage is. And a father will come to a
daughter saying my daughter, will you watch me become
so poor and laughing stock in the village? What do you expect that girl to say? She’ll say no father, I will not. So we will say yes to what
I’m about to tell you. And in our culture, you’re
never allowed to say no to your father. And then she will say yes, father. I am ready for whatever you want. And she will already have an
idea of what next her father is going to say. So you have seen that I’ve
come back with a stick. And that’s a very sure thing
about the Pastoralist community coming back with only
the stick without the cow is meaningless. You will not stand before
the community to even talk. You can not make them do
any meetings, you cannot come before men. They will laugh at you and
say what are you coming to do? What are you telling us
you even have no cows? And for the girl, that’s
an emotional issue. I cannot accept, and I
cannot see, my father going through poverty. So the next thing father says,
so, I have a friend of mine and I would like you to marry
him so that I can get cows. Because that’s doubting. Suddenly, he will become rich,
and at least for this season, those cows will give back and
he will become a man again. And then, to save face, the
girl will say yes father, I’m ready. So that girl will drop out
of school, that girl will have no career, that girl
will have to start the cycle of poverty all over again. Live the same life that the
father, the mother was leading. And yet, with education,
you’re hoping she will better her life, so, as the
Il’laramatak Community Concerns, we have transformative
leadership trainings. And part of the transformative
leadership trainings with the other girls, you know what? We have to make education
an emotional issue, not just the marriage. Make sure of that, when you
go back home, when your father tells you I want to marry
you off, you have something to say, and have the
courage to say no with a lot of respect still. Because its disrespectful
to say no to your parents. Please say no, allowed to
say no, we are telling them allowed to say no. And our motto is, if you
don’t know where you’re going, any road will lead you there. (audience chuckles) You know that book, it’s
Alice in Wonderland, yeah. You don’t know where you’re
going, fine, anywhere. So when you come home,
you have no goal in life, and your father tells you
I want to marry you off, you will say yes. But if you set goals, so
that’s what we do in schools, setting goals. Goal setting is our number one approach. Set a goal so we come to our
workshop and we tell the girls, okay Anna, what do you
want to become in life? And she’ll say, I want to become a doctor. And then, Tiffany, what do
you want to become in life? She says I want to become a pilot. And then, we tell you, what’s your name? My name is Mary. What you want to become in life? An accountant. So we tell them, start
calling yourself that name from today, start possessing
that career from today. So, you’re Doctor Mary from today. You’re Pilot Captain also. So when they call me,
Agnes, Dr. Mary calling, I feel so proud. (audience laughing and clapping) So, that helps them when they
go home, and it has happened the father will say, I
want to marry you off because I do not have cows. My girls have a goal,
and they will say father, sorry, but today I will say no. Father, please listen to me
too, because I listen to you. Father postponed my marriage, I will marry also I might want. And one day, I will buy for you five cows. Not the two cows you are
going to give me away for. And that way the marriage is postponed. (everyone clapping) And we are saying to the
parents, when we have a session with the girls, we have a
session with the parents, and when Dr. Mary says
she wants to be a doctor, I will call the father
and mother and we will put them all together and
we will say, okay, Mary, what did you say? You say, father, I say
from today you have to look at me differently, I’m doctor Mary. And then we will tell the
father, can you please pledge to support this girl’s education. Most of them have accepted
and most women you understand they are illiterate, they
don’t understand education, they don’t have the emotional attachment. And that’s what they’re trying to create. To make education an emotional issue. To postpone the marriage. We have succeeded to some
extent, the country’s big. We have exceeded to some
extent, some parents right now, we have two girls, the
only problem we have is school’s first payment. Which, we are trying, I
am known to be non-sparing to my friends just come
and say, you know what? Beatrice has not gone to school,
she has no school outfits, how much money is needed? This amount, can you
please give 1,000, 2,000, and the girl goes to school. Because otherwise if she
doesn’t go to school, the father will say, I have no cows to
sell for you to go to school. Please come and get married
so that I have some cows. And that is how we save the
girls from early marriage, from female genital
mutilation, because those two go together, and girls
have to be circumcised for her to get married. We have talked to the Morans,
the young men, to postpone that also, and to lift that ban of saying that you have to be circumcised
for you to get married. She is beautiful and whole the way she is. Please marry her the way she is. And she will not give birth
two children with two heads, that’s what we tell the boys. Because they believe the tabboo. I say, they do not have four legs. Children born by women
who are not circumcised are normal like the
children you have also. And last year, we had one of
our Morans coming to the UN to actually say that he
is ready, and he leaves a whole bunch of his age group,
the age group of my sons, and I’m a very old woman, and
those guys who are now saying we will marry and circumcise girls. And he went, and the
government as recognized that because this guy went to UCSW in New York through the government because
we invite the government to come and listen to
what we’re talking about so that it makes a lot
of sense for them also. So, that’s part of our
adaptation, and then women circumcises have said not,
they will not circumcise girls anymore. We take them through what
we call community dialogue. If you google women cata
in Cantiago denounces the cat, you will find her there. She’s become so famous. And she goes around to tell
the others, you know what? Let us not subject our girls to the cow. And they even composed a song. Let us subject them to an education. And that’s what I was saying,
make education an emotional issue, and now it is an emotional issue. They see about educating girls. They accept to educate girls. They have stopped the cows. And we got some money to start them off for another business. So we’ve been given 10 rations
by an aide-based organization 10 rations to make uniforms and sell. So now we’re saying cut the
government, cut the government, not the girl. (audience sighs and claps) – I think that’s so powerful
when you talk about your work, Agnes, is that the way in which
climate change is not gender neutral becomes incredible clear. Not gender neutral in the
impacts, right, which women and girls are bearing to an
unequal extent that deprives them of agency, and the way
in which some of the solutions can be the grounds and source of agency. And I feel like that’s
really cross-cutting also with your work, Andrea, would you– Let me give you this clicker,
’cause we have your photos. – She has her own. – If you would take us a
little bit into proximity with your work. – Yeah, I mean I think, I
often enjoy being on panels with Agnes, because she sets
the scene so powerfully. It’s extremely difficult not
to feel proximate to the issue of girls and the plight
of women and girls. And the thing is, it’s not unique. And what she describes is
such a, in Kenya where we come from, it is not a unique situation. You have a situation where the
girls that she’s describing, and the women that she’s describing, yes, come from the Massad community,
but in terms of access, access to energy so that
they can do their homework and they can actually have a
hot meal at the end of every day, is an extremely difficult challenge. So yes, parents need their
children home so that they can help with the collection of
water, and fuel, and those two often go together. So, W Power that is a
partnership organization that I work with, is
really about bringing some of these technologies and
making the burden a little bit lighter, because it’s
not fully eliminated. Making it possible for, in
Kenya, and this statistic is repeated quite easily
across the Southern Hemisphere, is you have about eight out
of ten people who go through that water collection and fuel
collection for five to ten hours a day. And that’s a full day’s work,
and that’s one day’s fuel so that the next thing the
same thing has to be repeated. It’s very difficult to do anything else when that’s the case. You also have a situation
in Africa, for example, and I want to be most specific
to Kenya in particular, where I’ve said eight out
of 10 people are cooking on open fires, imagine that. Eight out of 10 people have
got to spend time collecting that fuel, but on top of
that, seven out of 10, don’t have access to clean lighting. And so that also complicates
any effort to make, and I love the statistic that
you showed, family planning coupled with education,
you cannot educate children without energy, and so our
work is to amplify the work of organizations. And as I scan the room, I
see solar sister Katherine. It’s so lovely to see you. Women who are working to
bring lighting to the farthest reaches, because those are
the people who need the most. And then of course,
yesterday we saw in Gaza being recognized for their
amazing work in decosting solar. That is a fact, that single
most significant barrier to access, to either clean
cooking or clean lighting, has been financing, and has
been accessing that technology. Or the access to the lighting,
at a cost that makes sense. When you’re talking to
people, and this is extremely proximate for me, my grandmother,
I spent time in Meru, spending time around the fire with her. She just loved it when we
arrived over Easter and we would sit around the fire in her kitchen. It was smokey as all get out. But, we sat in that kitchen,
and it was warm, it was fun. We enjoyed ourselves. We had warm potatoes going into
the fire, into the fireplace and you remove them. It was extremely beautiful
to see the flame dancing. And we still enjoy that flame today. But in more, perhaps, in
sophisticated fireplaces. But it’s extremely difficult
to move my grandmother from her fireplace to anything different. Even as we explain that it
is a dangerous proposition to sit in that smokey
kitchen for a long time. I spent some time in India,
and in India I was in a kitchen with a woman, and she was
making almost fifty rooties almost every meal for the
large family that she had. And her husband, for the first
time, sat in this kitchen. Notice, this is not a space
that most men will spend time in but it was his responsibility
to purchase all the fuel and certainly the ingredients
that she needed to cook that meal. For the first time in his
life, he said, I did not know that our kitchen was a killing chamber. That his wife spends time in
that kitchen cooking every single day, reducing her life
expectancy by dozens of years every year. And so I, I really feel that
the work that W Power does in trying to amplify and
advocate for clean technology such as these that you see
here, reduces this image that you see. This is not an image,
this is not a stock image. This is an image of a
friend’s home in Tanzania. And this image was taken during
a funeral, sort of cooking for people who had come into mourning. But I remember every time she
shows this image, she says that 20 years ago, this
was still happening. It’s still happening today. What is it that we are not
doing that is making, that will change this image so that
we do not see this image 20 years from now? That is the big challenge, and
W Power is working to build the evidence that suggests
that women’s involvement in the value chain of clean
energy is critical in changing this image. It’s critical that women are involved, not only in the distribution
of technologies, but also in the design of these
technologies, in the manufacture of these technologies,
certainly in the post-use and the after sales service
and the service of them. So that we can begin to get
these very women who toil over these fires involved. And for W Power it’s
extremely important that they not only get involved in the
use, but that they develop entrepreneurship ventures. And that’s why organizations
like Solar System, who are members of W Power,
have found that formula that brings women into the
equation, but also allows them to benefit from them. – Willy, take us into
your work if you would. – I’m suppose to use this other one. See where the remote, noise. There we go. Great. Afternoon everyone, absolute
pleasure to be on this panel. So yeah, I’m Willy Foote
and I’m the founder and CEO of Root Capital. And we provide capital and
training to agricultural businesses that increase
income and create jobs and opportunity for small
holder farmers across sub turn Africa and as well in Latin
America and Indonesia, most recently. So that might be a farm or
association or a private enterprise that’s exporting
cashew, or coco, or Shea butter from West Africa. Could be coffee, honey, Brazil
nuts from South America, but it also might be a local grain miller or an agri-processor that’s
buying millet and selling, offering affordable, nutritious
foods into local markets. So just in general, everyone
of the businesses that we support aggregates hundreds
of thousands of farmers and they make that production
more efficient and sustainable in the field on the farm. They collect and process the
crops, and then they link farmers to attractive
and reliable markets. So, against that backdrop,
we’ve developed two important cross-cutting strategies in
recent years that explain why I’m on this panel with you
Katherine, or with Agnes and Regera. So, the first is around
client smart agriculture. And the other, again, very
cross-cutting is a strong commitment to investing to
a highly gender inclusive agriculture business. So I’ll just kind of give you
a little bit of background on those sides. So, in terms of client smart
agriculture, first, roughly 80% of the businesses that
we work with are in bought adversity hot spots. So these are precious landscapes
in environmental crisis that are suffering from
habitat loss or other human interventions, and the
headline here is that the agricultural enterprises
we support enable farmers to make investments in climate
smart farming practices. And as re-capitol, we amplify
those effects by supporting the farmer cooperative, for
instance, on the one hand with lending, for instances
for working capitol so that the farmers get paid well and on time. As well as lending for
things like plant nurseries, irrigation, centralized
composting plants, water saving processing facilities. Most recently, renovation and
rehabilitation of diseased farms that have been hit
by increasing temperatures or erratic rainfall with refurbishing those with new plant stock. We also provide training in
environmental management. So that would be, for instance,
instructing the agronomists that work inside the business
on how to confront urgent environmental threats like
disease outbreaks that come from the weirding of the
weather, if you will. And, it’s really about, on
the technical assistance side, improving, increasing the farm
business ability to provide knowledge and know-how to their farmers. And always with the goal of
aligning conservation of soil, water, and trees, with higher
yields, better quality, and more income for farmers. So that’s basically our climate
smart agriculture strategy. It’s basically supporting
the growth of Eseme, small and medium size enterprises
that enable farmers and rural communities to find scalable
pathways to investing in resilience to climate
change one farm at a time. Now, the other cross-cutting
strategy is investing in highly gender inclusive
agriculture businesses. And the ones that enable
women farmers in particular, who have very unequal access
to productive resources and assets enabling them
to thrive by deliberately creating jobs and
opportunities for women within the businesses and also
in local communities. So, we focus particularly on
businesses that have very high percentages of women farmers,
women workers, so that might be women working in cracking
facilities in cashew sector, women employees like women
accountants, women agronomists, and then of course women
entrepreneurs and women leaders. Last year the results,
just quickly on our women in agriculture initiative,
was we reached roughly 225,000 women producers by
way of serving 102 highly gender-inclusive agriculture businesses. And so about a 30 million
dollar in loans outstanding, which is about 35% of our total lending. Last thing I’ll say really
quickly is, and I know, I suspect this theme will get picked up
on more in the conversation, that within those agricultural
businesses, we’re encouraging and supporting women-led
designed solutions to opportunity gaps that
women in communities and the businesses identified
these as the participation, skills, and leadership. And so most recently with
funding from the Ikea Foundation, and a few other donors, we
have piloted what are called gender equity grants. And they’re grants of up
to $20,000 to particularly high performing gender
inclusive businesses where they can take the grant funding,
as oppose to debt-financing or training, and do things
like, in the case of Kenya up near Meru, build childcare
facilities, daycare facilities next to the Macadamia processing
plant for working moms. They’ve used them also to
construct safe crop storage facilities that are much
closer to women’s homes. They’ve used them for
productive skills, like crop diversification, making mud bricks, and financial management. And finally, creating
savings groups in particular around those collection
centers that are closer. So, last thing just to
say is we are very humble as an organization, in
Africa not a single expat, all local African teams, but
you can get a lot of things wrong if you don’t really
horse-whisper your way especially around things
like gender inclusion, around the unintended consequences. So, we’ve worked very closely
with an amazing leading gender research firm called
Value for Women in helping us to understand how can we, for
instance, come up as we have, with a global policy, that
when we have a centralized workshop on cash flow
projections for four days in the nearest town, that we
pay for childcare for all women and accountants that are
coming and participating. I’ll leave it there for now. – Thank you. This, the notion of women led
design and transformational leadership both have me
wondering, so often when it comes to climate action we talk
about we need more women at the table, which assumes
that the table is still the right place to be. And I’m curious if you all
have seen women rethinking, or redesigning the proverbial
table not just coming to he table that men have
set up and identified. – I think so. I think that the table is metaphoric. And there are many tables. When you could look at the
energy value change, so to speak in the different elements
of that value chain, you are asking, absolutely,
get your, get to the, sit on the table, be the table, whatever. But there is,
(audience laughs) there is a central command point
for whether it’s in design, in manufacturing, and those
decisions are often being made as far away as possible from the users. And this is, I think we’ve
heard about that whole co-creation discussion,
but it’s not always done. It’s easier said than done. And I really like what you
said, Willy, about so often you hear people saying but
women are not available when it’s, well what have
you done to make it possible for women to be there? Daycare centers, making, it
is really those practical things that allow the equality
for women’s participation. And it’s meaningful
participation when they’re there, not when you feel like it’s
important to get their opinion, and then you release them. But, you have to then really
invest in making it possible for them to be at the table. So I think the table is
important because is shows that there is a place,
because there is still a place where these discussions are being held, where those decisions are being made. It’s making sure that the
right people are there. – Yeah, I just want to say,
women are the naturalists of society. Even naturals of nature. And holders of knowledge. Yet, they are the ones who are
most affected by the effects and shocks of climate change. And then again, they are the
ones who are not even involved in the design, in the
planning, and in the evaluation of programs. And even in the value
chains, they are always the recipients, they always
are the ones who will be, the last product will come
to them and whether they like it or not, they were not
involved in the design, they were not in the plan,
and it’s just a business. And then, it’s like this. I’m a Pastoralist, I eat meat, right? But, because there’s no meat,
if you bring fish from my table even if I don’t eat it, alright, I’ll respect it and eat it. That’s now, it’s like,
pushing it down your throat. What you do not even know where it comes, where it came from. So, I don’t understand why
it’s not, why it’s difficult to just involve the
women in the whole cycle. Even in the value chains. Why not become involved
in the manufacturers? Why not, they will say,
for instance the hat. Because most Pastoralist
women are found in the hat what she showed you there,
is all, most African women are in the hat. So, what are you designing
that is appropriate for me for the hat? Why is it difficult for
manufacturers to say, can we have a Pastoralist person come in? Can we have a farmer come in? Let’s design this project together and see what is appropriate for you
and what’s not appropriate for you, and it’s possible. But it’s just not there. Secondly, there are lots and
lots of policies being made. All we want is policy in
that, at this, and that. I hear the voice of
indigenous Pastoralist local, call them grass-root women
saying, what did he just say? What’s that policy about me? Without me? Nothing about me without
me, and everything about me without me is against me. (audience chuckles)
Yeah. You can not be deciding about me. You didn’t even consult me. So it’s definitely against me. It’s like bringing the fish to the table. Well, I don’t know how to eat fish. I only know how to eat
meat from goat or cow. So that’s the kind of
discussion that needs to happen. This year, since W, the
Commission of the Circle of Women, the theme was participation
of rural women. And, I was invited to a parlor
to speak about the ticket, the African ticket, which
is ending in two years. I’m sorry to tell you that
sometimes you tell people the things that them uncomfortable. And I just mention that I did that. I just said you are not,
it’s ending in two years, and I’m representing this
room for rural women, they don’t know about it, it’s ending. But they’ve not even heard about it. And everybody, I was a
panelist like this, everybody talking about all that we’ve
gained leadership, women are involved in women, a
parentage of women in leadership and politics and that and
that, and I say, what are rural women saying? What’s the voice of the rural women? They are saying, we don’t know. We have no clue what you’re talking about. You are celebrating a drop in the ocean. Because really rural women
are the majority, right? So, you are not celebrating
the ocean, you are only celebrating a drop. It’s easy to talk about the
best things that we’ve done, and it makes us very
uncomfortable, um, very comfortable to talk about success, nice, nice, it’s just a nice, sweet song to your ears. But the moment you start
saying please start documenting those things which we have
not done, uh it’s a bit uncomfortable and difficult. Those are the things
we need to think about. The things we have not documented. The things we have not
been able to achieve. Which is, what you’re talking about. Lack of inclusion and lack
of participation of women. In COP23, we are
happy about one thing. COP23 achieved gender
equality, things like that. I’m happy about that. But how about implementation? It’s like the party’s
agreement almost, yeah! We have the happy agreement, excellent. Implementation, zero. That’s now where we need to go. Right inside the villages,
where things happen. ‘Cause also people that
you talk about everything in New York and in the
ballrooms, and where exactly the rural women’s voice in the ballroom? Let’s just go to the drawing board, and act with the real people who are being affected
by the real problems. (audience clapping) – I want you to weigh in on
this, Willy, and then we’ll make this a more inclusive
conversation and start bringing in some questions. – So yeah, I’ve just picked
up on talking about fish. I think Socrates said
that fish, the fish rots from the head down. If you have a woman at the
head of the organization, in our case, agricultural businesses, can be totally transformed. Just to ground it really quickly
since we have the privilege of being with daughters of
Kenya, we’re working a lot now, and this is the last four
or five years, with a super exciting staple grain called sorghum. And as you all know, rains
are getting more and more unpredictable, and growing
seasons are very much in flux. And women typically don’t
have access to input seed, fertilizer, safe crop storage
facilities, and a very inconsistent market. So in many cases, they
just don’t plant a lot, and they don’t harvest a lot. And sorghum is this amazing
example, and I’ll just describe, and what I’ll get to is the
women who’s, there are several women who are running
these sorghum aggregators. But, there’s a great new
market opportunity that sorghum is a very drought-resistant crop. It requires, it’s way
less thirsty than maize. And it grows in degraded soils. And, it’s also happens to
be an ancient, native grain native to Kenya, and
it’s highly nutritious. So, what’s changed in the
past five years or so, new market access in the
East African breweries, which is owned by Diageo
which owns Guinness, designed a sorghum-based beer. Instead of importing
expensive Hops and Barley, and they’re offering a lower
cost beer into local markets. And it’s offered for the first
time, really ever, a very attractive and reliable
market for women and farmers. And so, to your question,
what has changed the dialogue around inclusion in business,
these kinds of businesses and in the communities
is there is a woman named Ruth Kinalti who runs a business
called Shaylon Investments in Mweru, in the Mweru district
about five hours North, North East of Nairobi. So she sees this opportunity,
and she is from this region, she creates an aggregator,
and she lines up hundreds and hundreds of women,
sorghum farmers, to sell to East African breweries. But typically, as is the
case, very little assets, no, the banks need doesn’t have,
probably need some sprucing up in her financial
practices, we came in in 2015 with the first loan, since
then we’ve been out about one and a half million dollars
in credit, lots of financial management training. They now have 7,000 sorghum
farmers who are selling forward to, and now they’ve
got a processing plant where they are doing porridge. – Yes. – And micro-nutrient fortified porridge. The women, we did a deeper
impact studies on these, communities, the women increased
their yield through access to seeds and fertilizer, access
to tillage and threshing, and farmer training,
and credit, and markets. .7 metric tons per hector
up to 1.8 per hector. And 50%, or sorry rather, and
85% of the women increased their income by 50% since
this business began. And, it’s just a great example of, and maybe just to conclude,
I talked about collection senates with these gender equity grants. It was Ruth Kinyate doing
together with the community, and Value for Women, the deep
dive on how can we change the circum,, the fundamental
enabling producers for women. Okay, guess what? People literally subject
to sexual assault when you have to walk five or six miles
down a remote, rural road, what if we put a collection
center much closer to their houses? What if we didn’t have a
lined scale that’s rigged by the agents? What if you had a digital scale? What if you had in pace of
payments, non-cash payments to the farmers? And then what if you design
a savings group around the collections center? That was almost entirely
driven by the fact that you had a woman leader and woman
farmers who were designing based on their understanding
of opportunity gaps. How do you go deeper and deeper on impact? – That is such a good example. And such a good example of
the many layers of opportunity that are all knit together,
I think at this nexus. You all know the drill,
brevity and also actually a question, and Willy you’ve
just done such a brilliant job of giving us really
bringing us into the detail of a particular story,
and a particular success. So if there are questions
that raise for you all, particular stories, let’s also
make this story-telling Q&A. Let’s start with this gentleman here. – I’m Ricardo Rich from Argentina. First, I’m very grateful for
this session because I learned that climate change and
developing programs for education, girl’s education and
plentification is another reason to work for gender equality,
or equity, that I learned today too. My question to Willy is
specifically is, I was very interested in the gender
aspect of your project, and that you developed,
cared, places to take care of the kids, child care units. For us, that’s a bottleneck
because it’s very expensive. So how did you manage to, did
your project pay for that, donors, alliances with the government? Because normally, it’s a huge problem. – That’s a great question. The way I’ll answer that
will probably, may resonate, for Ragera and Agnes. So this is a relatively
new project for us, funded by Ikea Foundation, Wagner
Family Foundation, Boston-based foundation, and it’s not
a huge amount capitol, but I think that a highlight
is that we believe deeply in pathological collaboration
with unlikely partners. And, you need to create a
lot of partnerships to drive in the different flavors of capitol. From grant funding to private
cap impact investing dollars, to be able to meet the whole
need, especially to get deep, deep into these issues like
child care, day care facilities next to processing plants, et. cetera. So what we’re doing basically
is saying we want to pilot, and blueprint, what did that look like? How much did it cost? What’s the best location? What are the right scales,
et. cetera et. cetera? And then in this case, very
specifically, I’ve got a good friend named Cedie Glen who
runs the US African Development Foundation, which is about a
35 million dollar annual spend, grant spend in Africa, very early stage agriculture development. And, it’s congressionally
funded, U.S. funding, and saying okay, we just did two collection centers, but there are literally
hundreds of women groups just selling up through
Shaylo Investments, could you 30 exit, ’cause you’ve got
much more grant funding than we do, and you’re trying
to build a conveyor belt. You’re building early stage
pipeline, so we’ve identified the need, but it’s not really
our job to scale it up. Let’s get somebody else, and
it could be Agri, it could be the Alliance for
Green Evolution Africa, it could be East African
Enterprise Challenge Fund, but being able to be aware
of what the needs are, and then cobble together the other pieces of the mosaic together. So it’s a great question, we
just want to kinda prototype blueprint, because
everything we do our endgame is replication and adoption
by other institutions including our own, like a
gender equity grant program. – Just wanted to add something to that. I saw in India, and I don’t
know if this would apply, but even charging a nominal fee
to parents, because it’s not as if people want you to do this for free. If you create the opportunity,
people are willing to pay even a small fee for their
children to be in a safe space while they work. And so I think that’s also… – [Questioner] In Peru,
there is a great experience, they train a woman, and
pay her and everyone pays an amount from their job.
– Contributes. Exactly.
– So that’s where community comes is. – Precisely. – We’ve got a mic that was running for you but just missed you. Let’s go here, and then to the back. Yes, this woman just here in the front. – Hi, my name is Joy Anderson,
I lead Criterion Institute. We work on Gender Lens Investing. And, this is sort of to
the panel in general. One of the things we’ve
been wrestling with, and it’s about the table,
right, and who is the table? I love that metaphor. But, one of the, there’s a
lot of money moving in climate finance, and I sat with some
of you is running a couple billion dollar fund, and
said well have you integrated a gender analysis and how
you’re looking at climate. And he said, well if I had
to look at climate, gender, and finance together, I’d
want to crawl into a fetal position in the corner of a dark room. And this was a partner at Deloit, right? Not that Deloit is bad, but
I’m just, I’m wondering, you talked a lot about policy
tables, and government tables, where, what do you see
happening in terms of getting this ability to analyze gender
and climate at the finance tables, at the places where
people are moving money around climate, but many times seem
unable to imagine that they might also have to analyze
gender in the midst of that? – You wanna jump in? – Beg your pardon? – I’ll take a whack, but I
just try to answer in a narrow way, which hopefully it can
have broad implications. So, very specifically, around
climate, we have, in kind of it’s early days, but climate
advisory capacity building. And it’s partially around
agronomic techniques, farm practices, it’s partially around
digitizing farm-level data, that you can bring that up
to the cloud, et. cetera. But it’s also around, kind of
to your question, how do you take the climate mapping
data around climate change of which there is a lot? Ceyat is the International
Center for Tropical Agriculture that we’re working with. And kinda the whole point
of this forum, how do you get proximate with that
data where it really matters on the ground? So how do you down-scale the
data to literally that region where maybe they’re growing,
starting to grow pyrethrum, right, which is a really
interesting crop, that’s starting to take hold around natural
repellents, or sorghum, or maybe if you’re growing
coffee and the temperature is gonna go up by two
degrees, or you know, erratic rainfall? You need to transition
into coco which grows below 1200 meters. Point being, how do you land
it in a way that Agnes lands so naturally reality on the
ground with Massad communities? How do you land through
distribution channels, what right now feels so overwhelming,
all this climate capitol, but is it really landing for
the folks who have to actually build resilience once farm at a time? And it feels to me like
we have to figure out at scale, how to do things
hand-crafted at scale. Which is like, in our case,
working with aggregators of thousands of farmers,
getting that climate data, getting the Green Climate Fund,
getting others to actually invest small other farmers
in some way that you can aggregate it up. Or not answer your question,
it’s a tough question, directly but some how, like that’s an
example of down scaling climate data tied to a lot of the
most sophisticated science to the reality of sorghum or
pyrethrum growers in Kenya. – Did you want to add? – Yes, I just wanted to
say, there are so many funds like the GCF, the Green
Climate Fund was announced and all of that, some of them are so big they only go through governments. Then you have small organizations
like ours that struggle to get this money. So you can imagine the
bureaucracy, the red tape, for that money to ever
come to the communities. That is one big, big problem that we have. But, I was telling Ringera this
morning, just do a good job, money will actually follow you. I say that because I, when
I first made a presentation to the Green Justice Resilience
Fund, that’s actually how I landed here, and just
talking about the work we do, we were asked to present a proposal. And then when I was here,
I got, it just depends on the funders now to get
proximate with people. The Global Fund for Women
asked me to give a prop– I don’t even know anyone, and
I don’t even know how they knew about our work, but I’m like gosh, that’s that’s the way to go. But they told me to give a
proposal on sixth, and I saw the call on sixth, and
the deadline was on sixth. I said impossible, I cannot do it. ‘Cause I have visitors, and I just… They followed back, I got
an email even yesterday, extending the deadline for you. It’s up to, I thank God for
organizations like that, it’s up to funders to get proximate. You know, if that’s what
we’re talking about. And the Green Climate Fund? I don’t even know how
you can ever access that. In our country, it’s through
Nemma, people from Kenya. It comes from Nemma, which
is a national corporate. Environmental Board. So, it’s not easy, and it’s
sad to be honest with you, it’s sad. Because you imagine, and
as I told you, they getting proximate with the, what you calling it, the value chains also. How do you now become the consumer? You’re just the consumer
of whatever that happens. And people are becoming
more and more aware. You go to my village today? Everybody, we don’t have
any electricity at all. But somehow, not everybody,
but some people are beginning to use solar. We have so much solar in
Africa, we have so much wind in Africa, but the
technology is not there. Who is going to give us the technology? We are ready to donate a piece
of land, because for wind power, I do not need a lot of land. And now, we also have the
green devolved mechanicisms, the CDM’s, the CDM’s are
so many in the whole world, but there is one that has
really succeeded in Africa, you must google it. It’s called Lake Turkana Wind Project. Lake Turkana Wind Project is
the biggest ever wind project in Africa, millions and
millions of euros on it. Of course fantastic has so
much land the issue of free project from consent and the
issue of land and all that also sets in, but the fact
remains that is a huge thing. But it’s going over the people. And everybody else in the village? No electricity for you, even
though you have that wind there, you don’t know so for you. How else can that project even
just as part of the corporate social responsibility at
least to provide something for the villages, you know? – I’ll add just one other
piece about perhaps, one data point of the power of
shifting the narrative. Because I think, you know,
there’s even a section of the work in Drawdown
on women and girls. I watched particularly a
lot of men, go like huh? Probably the most well
informed well resourced climate investment fund
in the world told us that Drawdown had challenged them
to create a new vertical of investment around women and girls. Wasn’t on their radar,
they weren’t doing it. So,
(audience clapping) you know, sometimes I think
it can seem that just talking about this nexus is inadequate,
and yet, there’s so much education to be done, sort of,
in the climate establishment to even bring people along
just to be aware before they actually can begin to act. We were here, and then we’re
gonna come to this woman in the middle, and then
this woman on the end. – [Kathleen] Hi, I’m Kathleen Coleson. I’m the founder of the BOMA Project. – Hi Katherine! – Hello, Jonvoy. We work in the five Northern
counties of Northern Kenya. We’ve been able to reach
100,000 women and children in the past five years. We’re delivering family
planning, we’re helping women start businesses, we’re working
very actively with local people and getting girls educated. Our program is delivered
entirely by a Kenyan staff who live in the villages
where we work, and actually Lake Turkana is going to
be delivering electricity to the local villages where we are. And we’re working very hard with that. But, Drawdown was really big for us. Especially since we looked at
number six and number seven, and said wow, we’re doing that. Our new goal is to reach a
million women and children across the arid lands of Africa
where the greatest impacts of climate change are occurring. And I didn’t see in your
wheel planting trees? It’s probably there, and
yet there’s huge amounts of capitol being unleashed
around Carbon offsets and planting trees. And, it’s a question for you
Catherine, in terms of what have you seen out there where
we can be unleashing huge amounts of capitol for
just these two criteria? Which have such a significant
impact, and how do we all come together and advocate for that? We could plant trees in
Northern Kenya, but that’s not gonna have the same kind of
impact, I think, as these two criteria are gonna have and
yet, people are paying people to plant trees. – Yeah, it’s a great question. Some of the sort of simplified
titles of the solutions bury information. So, forest both tropical
and temperate forest restoration are huge. You know, I think it’s
a tricky space, right? Because there’s such a
problematic history, particularly around population control. But talking about the kind
of good value of educating girls and family planning
as climate solutions becomes a tricky space, I think, and
I think there’s a discomfort, there’s a discomfort there
that has good reason. And I don’t have the answer to that. I think it’s something for
all of us to think about. You know, how do we continue
to advance these solutions as things that began and end with rights, and also has really good
bets for climate action. Because, if we could tap more of the funds that are currently going to
planting trees and wind farms and other projects and send it this way? I mean wow, what a coo that
would be for women and girls and for progress on climate. That’s my sense of what’s
tricky there, and where we need to kind of continue to educate
and push the conversation. So we have 10 minutes left. I want to go here and then
here, because these hands have been up. And let’s just see, let’s see
how much we can get through. – Okay, hi, I’m Susan Beagle,
and I’m also an active gender lens investor and Willy,
you make me so proud to be a long-time Root Capitol
gender and agricultural investor and supporter, and
this has been an amazing panel. One of the hats I wear is that
I’m the investment director on the Spring Accelerator,
and our design focus is how do we improve the lives
of women and girls through business, how do we invest
in businesses and support businesses and improve the
lives of women and girls? And it’s, we get to have,
some are working on daycare, and food, and health, and
financial inclusion, under the same accelerator, and
people are exchanging solutions. And so I really appreciated
the examples that you’re giving around what are the needs,
and how are we solving for some of the things. But, it makes me think
right, well there’s a daycare company that’s figuring out
how to do daycare that should be hanging out with the
people who are thinking about agricultural, how do we set up day cares? And all of the other places
that there are business models that are in one place, that
aren’t getting to spend time with people figuring out
business models in another. So, where are the opportunities
that you guys get, and how can we as funders and
investors support you better in that cross-sectionality
of these solutions so that maybe it looked like
something that had to be funded by a grant, but maybe actually there is an investible solution. And, how is that happening? And are there some other examples
that you want to give us? – Rinjera would you take that one? – Well I think that,
Susan, thanks for that. I think that are other forums
like this really for me where a lot of that happens. That are very deliberately
cross-sectioned or there’s people from the investing
space that are implementers like that as on the ground
the people and everybody in between. I mean, I think in Kenya
it’s extremely important to engage in those more local
forums that are similar, that create opportunities like that. You just don’t hear all the time. I mean, I live in Kenya and I
know of a woman who’s working on creating day cares in slum
areas, and I found that Emma Katy, and I found out about
her at school last year. She’s doing that in Kenya. So I think it’s that is,
it really is a privilege that we get that. But how do we feed that back? How do we broadcast that
to a wider audience? I think that’s really, really important. – Willy. – Just two quick things. I love this question. We’re working, this is not
around a daycare-for-profit company per se, but embedded talent. How do you creatively embed
talent, say, in agriculture businesses in rural Africa and
keep your costs really low? So, we have a pilot with
the University of Ghana, and the University of Uganda,
where for the agri-processors that might be making soy feed
for the poultry industry, or porridges, placing
master students who as part of their graduation requirement
have a year long practicum, with a stipend from the
government, into the most rock-n-roll agri-businesses
in rural Ghana. You can imagine for an entire year. And then working some of those
in partners in food solutions and working with a very
senior local African food technologist, and then
tapping into 750 years of experiences. It’s a really neat example
where getting the university, who wants next gen talent,
and great ways to school them in business and other things. The other one is to the
question around trees. A really neat way to think
about how do we reforest? In many places, including
in Kenya let’s say, Macadamia nut is having a big renaissance in Kenya right now. Lots of processing facilities,
sustainable tree crops, Macadamia, Cashew, Coco, if
you get a business in place and you’ve got a market, you can reforest. And I mean, Haiti is gonna
reforest based on Mango, Coffee, Coco, Cashew. So that’s a really important piece. So it’s like the industry
itself helps to reforest. And of course, agri-forestry along side. – Thank you. Very quickly, please. – Sure, I work for YouTube,
and we do a lot of research, user research, about
sentiment on this topic. And, you mentioned fathers
and their role in girl’s education, but one of the
things we found it’s often women and older women, aunts,
mothers, that also push for child, you know, push
for early marriage, and push the girls towards that life. How do you message towards that
audience verses the fathers and men in the community? – How do you message to women
about girls staying in school? – Oh, yeah, we do what we
call community dialogues. And, through community
dialogues, this is a cultural practice, and now we have
what we call Anti-Female Genital Mutilation Act,
and I sit on the board, on the government for
this particular board. And, the board says we eradicate
female genital mutilation. It’s not a disease. It’s a cultural practice. You can never, never
eradicate a cultural practice. Early marriage is a cultural practice. You can never eradicate it. And as I said, you must start
dialog to make education emotional because to them,
female genital mutilation and early marriage are an emotional issue. So, we do community dialogues. Now, we’re documenting
community dialogues. Because, as I told you, I
sit in the government board so that we can now talk the
same language throughout the country. And I’m glad Katherine is here,
because BOMA also is a very big supporter of that
FGM, working with amrif. You don’t know about amrif, no problem. So yeah. So the community dialogue
is when you talk to them. Because you cannot coax them. You cannot force them. But, you can do what we
call strategic questioning through dialogue. Then you ask them questions. Why do we do this? And the will tell you,
because it’s our culture. Why, and how, did it start? Because our forefathers
and our foremothers did it. Why is it being done? Until they come to their ah-hah moment! Where they’re all, after all,
indeed it’s not necessary. Why are we doing it? This way, that’s how we
went, that’s how we took the cutters through 55
of them, training them, just slowly, having dialogue with them, and talking to them on our own table and having tea just talking. Ah, you cut her, how did you feel? Or something like that. To them, that’s the best
topic you discuss about it. But then, eventually, when
we try to show them films and show them how bad, they
can’t even believe, we show them a life moving from cutting
them off, and they could not believe how the girls
were bleeding and crying, and it’s like, why are you surprised? You did exactly that. But, it actually helped
them to realize, oh my God, is this what I’ve been doing? Stop it! It’s bloody! We don’t want anymore! So not we’re telling them,
cut the government… – [Audience Member] Not the girls. – Not the girl. And then we tell girls
education, not mutilation. That’s the strategy. And they actually care publicly
on 2016 during the national 16 days of activism for
the end of violence. We actually did the road in
Canteago, that’s the town I come from. By there I come form well,
Kenya, as you know, I come from Paraguay, but I’m married in the South. So you have to room where you’re planted. That’s where I was planted. (speaker laughing) So, we are doing the clip
and the clad, they bound, there is blood, it’s in YouTube. If you google the cutter,
you will find they banned it, and they made a song, and
they decided in Canteago now, FGM is on a tipping point. It’s going down completely. And on 24th of this month,
the chief, because we work with the chief, we work with
administrators to make sure no more girl is cut. These days I could sleep
without anybody calling, I say we need to cut girl again, no! The chief is going to be
awarded, and he has been promoted on 24th, we are going
to give them an award because of the good job they are doing. So it’s possible to bring them on board, but through dialogue. It’s not easy to end a cultural practice. – I think this is such an
important point, actually, for the climate space also. Which is, that you are creating
the conditions for people to change their own minds,
as oppose to talking at them, and what should be. If we can have two minutes, I want to close with this question. Climate can be such a hard
space to work in, right? The impacts are intensifying. The action is totally inadequate. How do you hold a vision
of possibility, and stay in this work day after day? Ten seconds. (everyone giggles) – So I guess I’m gonna anchor
it again in a very specific story that went around sorghum in Kenya. That’s an example where climate
change is driving abundance. And the proliferation of
better yields, better quality, higher income for women
farmers with a market they never had, and one of
the drivers of that economic, new economic activity, is
the fact that it’s really drought-resistant and
it’s really nutritious. The other thing I just say as
a call to action is I love, like this time next year,
or two years from now, one of those audacious
projects is these three up here combining all of our strategies
into a cauldron of goodness. – A cauldron of goodness? (audience clapping) I love that.
(speaker laughing) – Well look, we have to cut emissions. This is not a discussion
we are having anymore. And I think for us, especially
urgency of action is where I really, often, always land. I say we can have all
sorts of fun discussion, but the urgency of action
remains for me one of the most important as well as one
example that always reminds me that it is possible. The mobile telephony has, and
will remain at least for me, one of the examples of
how we did it in a sector that we thought totally impossible. In 1918, McKenzie did
that study that showed that by the year 2000, only
900,000, and they thought that was an ambitious number,
only 900,000 phones would be sold in the year 2000. 2000 came, and that number
was surpassed in three days. It can be done. And then to imagine the
leap-frogging that happened in Africa around mobile
telephony, and the transformation that has had for all sorts of sectors. Almost everybody sitting in
here can say that in many ways, it has transformed the way we do business in Africa certainly. This is going to happen
in the energy sector. It’s happening in solar. We might as well prepare for it. And I think when, the minute
we decost, and that’s what happened, the cost of
mobile phones went down, and the quality went up. Those two things are happening in energy. And as soon as that clicks,
we will have a different panel next time. (audience gasping and
clapping in amazement) – Yeah, as I said earlier,
women are naturalists of society, naturalists of nature. Holders of traditional knowledge. Yet, they are the ones that
are most affected by climate change, but there is hope. As I told you, I believe in education. Education, and as I told you
about dialogue, people who are illiterate, you bring them to books. And right now, we’re still doing that. Women of today, in Kenya
we have the tradition of counties, county by
county, especially Pastoralist communities, we have
our own unique problems. And, mono cultural economy. Just dependent totally on livestock. It’s high time we start
thinking about alternative livelihoods. It’s not easy for a
Pastoralist to become a farmer, because they just don’t know what to do. But, it’s possible. And, I have hope. Katherine just said there
would be electricity through Lake Turkana Wind Power. I was getting frustrated. But, there’s hope! And I thank you for that
information, because today I have hope, at least where
I will, I will sleep well. And, the girls transformative
leadership trainings, is something we will
replicate among all our girls in the counties that we’re talking about. And there is an opportunity to do that. So what I want to say is
that there is also hope in the funding arena. Thank you for asking the
question how can we help you? How can we better fund you? It’s not easy for a donor to ask you that. But these days we’re having
what we call procreation, wash ups with donors,
co-design wash ups, so we just don’t have to do what you
want, but we do what we can together so that we have
that dialogue together. And it’s possible to co-design. And that’s what I was
talking about participatory co-design where women and
men, and youth and girls, are also involved in such
a way we can move ahead. What it’s called? Desmond Tutu kept on thinking
about hope, hope, hope. And I asked him, you keep
on talking about hope. What’s this hope you’re talking about? I want to say there’s hope! And I hope, and that is
now what we must stick to. That undying hope, we must continue. Co-funders, indigenous
communities, grass-root women, and people who are on the ground. Let’s have hope and we
will make it, thank you. – Thank you.
(audience clapping)

Danny Hutson

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