What Is Life? Is Death Real?

What Is Life? Is Death Real?

Life is fundamentally different
from dead stuff—or is it? Physicist Erwin Schrödinger
defined life this way: Living things avoid decay into
disorder and equilibrium. What does this mean? Let’s pretend that your download
folder is the universe. It started orderly and got more
and more chaotic over time. By investing energy, you can create
order and clean it up. This is what living things do. But what is life? Every living thing on this
planet is made of cells. Basically, a cell is a protein-based robot
too small to feel or experience anything. It has the properties we just
assign to life: it has a wall that separates it from the
surroundings, creating order; it regulates itself and maintains
a constant state; it eats stuff to stay alive; it grows and develops; it reacts to the environment; and it’s subject to evolution; and it makes more of itself. But of all the stuff that makes up
a cell, no part is alive. Stuff reacts chemically with other stuff,
forming reactions that start other reactions which
start other reactions. In a single cell, every second several
million chemical reactions take place, forming a complex orchestra. A cell can build several thousand
types of protein: some very simple, some complex
micromachines. Imagine driving a car at 100 km/h while
constantly rebuilding every single part of it with stuff you collect
from the street. That is what cells do. But no part of the cell is alive;
everything is dead matter moved by the laws of the universe. So is life the aggregate of all these
reaction processes that are taking place? Eventually, every living thing will die. The goal of the whole process is to
prevent this by producing new entities; and by this, we mean DNA. Life is, in a way, just a lot of stuff
that carries genetic information around. Every living thing is subject to
evolution, and the DNA that develops the best living
thing around it will stay in the game. So, is DNA life, then? If you take DNA out of its hull,
it certainly is a very complex molecule, but it can’t do anything by itself. This is where viruses make everything
more complicated. They are basically strings of RNA
or DNA in a small hull and need cells to do something. We’re not sure if they count as
living or dead. And still, there are 225,000,000 m³
of viruses on Earth. They don’t seem to care what
we think of them. There are even viruses that invade
dead cells and reanimate them so they can be a host for them, which
blurs the line even more. Or mitochondria. They are the power plants of
most complex cells and were previously free living bacteria that
entered a partnership with bigger cells. They still have their own DNA and can
multiply on their own, but they are not alive anymore; they are dead. So they traded their own life for the
survival of their DNA, which means living things can evolve into
dead things as long as it’s beneficial to their genetic code. So, maybe life is information that manages
to ensure its continued existence. But what about AI
(artificial intelligence)? By our most common definitions, we are
very close to creating artificial life in computers. It’s just a question of time before the
technology we build gets there. And this is not science fiction, either; there are a lot of smart people
actively working on this. You could already argue that computer
viruses are alive. Hm, okay. So what is life, then? Things, processes, DNA, information? This got confusing very fast. One thing is for sure: the idea that life is fundamentally
different from non-living things because they contain some
non-physical element or are governed by different principles
than inanimate objects turned out to be wrong. Before Charles Darwin, humans drew a line
between themselves and the rest of living things; there was something
magical about us that made us special. Once we had to accept we are like every
living being, a product of evolution, we drew a different line. But the more we learn about what
computers can do and how life works, the closer we get to creating the first
machine that fits our desciption of life, the more our image of ourselves
is in danger again. And this will happen sooner or later. And here’s another question for you: if everything in the universe is made
of the same stuff, does this mean everything
in the universe is dead or that everything in the universe
is alive? That it’s just a question of complexity? Does this mean we can never die because we were never alive
in the first place? Is life and death an irrelevant question
and we haven’t noticed it yet? Is it possible we are much more part of
the universe around us than we thought? Don’t look at us; we don’t have any
answers for you. Just questions for you to think about. After all, it’s thinking about questions
like this that makes us feel alive and gives us some comfort. Subtitles by the Amara.org community

Danny Hutson

100 thoughts on “What Is Life? Is Death Real?

  1. In my understanding life is somewhat like the centrifugal force. We can observe its effects, it's intuitive to us, but in the end, it is a fictitious force. Nothing but an interpretation of an orchestra of effects under the hood, something we like to give a name because it is so dear and normal to us, but in reality it is just different to our initial expectations.
    This also explains exactly why we are unsure of where to put viruses, they are not a lifeform in a simple standard way we see every day though at the same time they have similarities to what "clearly" is life.

    In the end, it is my opinion that the very bottom-line in science should not describe life as a real phenomenon. Instead, life is loose description of many chemical reactions that by chance found together and were and are able to support themselves in a way that allows seemingly complex behavior, even intelligence in the end! But the latter is a whole new topic – though in short I think of it just as I described I do of life.

  2. Death is an illusion.

    Lemme explain

    So time is a concept and illusion created by humans, and death is the cap on how much time we have in life. If death is the cap of an illusion, death itself is an illusion.

  3. It's a simulation, and I don't wanna get any replies saying things like "Yeah maybe" or "Imagine if it actually is" because trust me it's a whole lot more likely we live in a simulation then you think.

  4. Well we are living example of making orderly chaos of everything and we decay while living. Our live is an electrical signal.

  5. If death would be real the person should scream and die but do i her somone scream no they dosent so it can be dying

  6. Life is a series of chemical reactions death is the end of those chemical reactions and the beginning of new

  7. Some times out of no where my head starts feeling wired and I get confused thinking about my life and what will happen when I die it makes me question my living it’s really weird I need help and a sign from god

  8. its not very clever thing to assuming that evolution is a fact i highly reccomend Discovery Science Channel where many scientist argueing that theory …thumbs down !

  9. Life and death aren't illusions or simulations per say, but a transfer of energy from one realm/dimension to another. Of course energy can be and is manipulated for both beneficial and nefarious means, as we do it all the time ourselves. So entities on a higher dimension than us using manipulation of our energy to create a constant simulation(s) in our realm for some purpose cannot be ruled out. But we'd be living in a manipulation state more so than a simulation state. A different yet similar manipulation state the wordly PTB have us living in now, with the difference being that these entities may be doing it for our benefit to achieve cosmic balance and not solely just for taking advantages of us for their agenda, like our "leaders" do. However, regardless of what state of being we exist in, we have a conscience and sub-conscience, and SOUL is our ultimate form of consciousness. Our Soul-Conscious lives and persists ALWAYS from energy we possess, give out, receive, the reactive shared from said energy we receive or emanated from another something or someone, (etc…). Medical Scientists have even accounted for the time and weight of one's soul as it "passes on" after one's mortal/worldly death. Everything everywhere is energy. Simply put, all that we see, hear, and are is an energy of vibration, frequency and magnetism. A solid block wall to your silent thought is all energy.
    Life is manifestations of energy and interactions of said energy's. Death is a transfer of the total sum of those energy's gained in your life. Where our Soul-Conscious energy will go depends on the type of energy that said Soul-Conscious possesses. There's the energy of balance, which is pristine/godly, and which is the energy we battle ourselves with the most. What is not enough and how much is too much are limits we're constantly being tested with everyday. Then there's positive and negative energy. Tessla said "3-6-9 is life." Forms of energy which all contain vibration, frequency and magnetism, and their non-stop interactions. The best we can do is to try to maestro our own vibrations, frequencies, and magnetics as best as we can into a tune that aims for balance in our Soul-Conscious. All religions speak on this but the most practical compass to reach that unreachable balance as flawed human-beings is best stated in "The Golden Rule." Live life with that in mind, as that will aid in the direction of where your Soul-Consciousness' energy takes you after you shed your mortal flesh suite?

  10. This video actually makes me think more and indeed it gives me comfort, answering your question everything could be dead & alive at the same time, we’re made of dead things that create life, we’re both dead & alive or we could be categorized like viruses because we don’t know to which category they belong to

  11. Everybody scared of death, but death comes to everybody regularly. We fight for some things that we want in the whole of our life. But it's nothing at the end. Something we called spirit is forever.

  12. Isn’t it crazy how having absolute freedom to do whatever you want in the universe gives people different feelings personally I get existential dread and I mean like laying in a ball in a corner freaking out XD but to the people who feel more hopeful and like the freedom can you explain your point of view I just don’t get it

  13. I feel like nothing is black and white, not even life; and that makes things really confusing and kinda scary

  14. A popular definition for life within the scientific community is a "self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian evolution."

  15. in my opinion life is like movie each set of reality take place one by one just like movie reels change at 24 frames /second or more frame per second and we feel it like a real movie but in reality it is just 24 pictures take place one by one in constant rate.
    in real life this frames changing at the rate of light speed . Anything changing more faster then light we can't see we can't detect and no opposite reaction will take place. So that thing never existence for us and universe.
    Just like electricity is necessary to operate projector that make image aur movie for us same thing happens in universe something is responsible for reality or existence .
    You can call him god or creator and may be a computer operator who is run this reality simulation.

  16. Tema de alto questionamento filosófico, mas nenhum assunto objetivo o bastante pra falar em 5 minutos. O vídeo não focou em nada, foi como se fosse uma metralhadora atirando em todas as direções.

  17. A vida inteligente (e consciente de si mesma) que o ser humano possui não tem nada de “mágica” em relação aos outros animais, como a biologia descobriu e tem descoberto.
    Por outro lado, querer criar inteligência (consciente) em computadores, isso sim seria fazer mágica.

  18. Here is my humble attempt at answering the question- is anything alive or dead? Since everything is made up of atoms and they have electrons which spin around the nucleus, a force makes them spin. So, basically, it’s ‘alive’. When someone ‘dies’, the electrons in atoms that made up that person do not stop spinning. So, death is really a change of state for the atoms and molecules that made that person. Nothing ever dies. It’s an illusion like time and space. It’s like saying I took a glass of water from the ocean, so a new ‘glass of water’ is born and when I poured it back in the ocean, it can’t be identified again since it was just water, always. So by me pouring it back in ocean, did the ‘glass of water’ “die”? No, since It was never born. No birth and no death.

  19. We could spend a million years talking about this question so in my opinion its best to just live and in a flash its over and we will all know.

  20. Human trying to describe life is like an ounce trying to define a Mega Ton- experience/taste yours/live yours and know that you’ll always be ignorant- and someone said ignorance is bliss-

  21. I was always wondering about this topic!!! Around 10 years ago started to realize, if basically everything in us is made from materials, that is not alive, how comes it is alive. Or more so, most of the "illusion that is alive" comes from movement. Things that move are alive to us, but then again, there are natural occurrences of movement in nature by chemical and physical reactions. So the real question is: How come these natural reactions became so extremely regulated and complex and are numbered in the billions in us? I hardly doubt that we came to be some sort of existence that is like a 1 to 10000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 chance or something. And no I don't believe in god. I am a believer, but not in god. God is a made-up thing for religion to control people. So then again, if we make a "robot" that is the same as us, but is from a different material (that is not living for example) does it mean we might as well be made of anything? Can we call it alive? Can we call us alive? I think the word itself is getting to old and needs to be redefined "life" or "alive" . Also, the problem is WE think that intelligent robots are intelligent because they act like us. So basically we think something is intelligent if it's human-like. That's the exact problem with Elon Musk: He thinks Ai is dangerous because it thinks like a human if we make it intelligent…but the truth is we dont need to make it like a human since its a tool. It just needs to be efficient to do what its purpose is…

  22. You can't know what's live if you you don't know death . So you should experience deth first to know the difference. But no one can kill herself and back to us to told us about what happens

  23. Any living thing is trying to survive. Life is something that tries to extend his existence by any means, just to survive.
    Sorry for the my English.

  24. Jesus, who made turned the "wisdom" OF MEN into foolishness told us that He is indeed the (correct) Way, Truth AND Life. Problem solved guys. You can get back in the lab and start doing science again.

  25. “Does this mean we can never die, because we were never alive in the first place”

    My brain: fyodhldylxulxlydlyyodlgxylxylztksgkwktadykaktxkgzykxkyshoddyidiyshosgksgkpfufhldhlxcu

  26. Everything is dead, our organs just give us the feelings, but its not the Life indicator, you die when you lose liquid that stay your body in movement, something is filled with something, but without something, something's becoming much worse

  27. Actually after watching the video I HATE YOU my head is exploding i like it but i hate it at the same time bruhhhhhh???

  28. For people claiming death is certain to be nothingness or heaven, stop.

    Have you died before?

    Only people who have died know the answer. Period. Nobody can argue with that.

  29. Fuck knows. And wait… U didn't actually give an explanation as to why life isn't some different thing from dead stuff. Soo, yeh. Why not just bloody magic

  30. Cogito ergo sum. Reality is predicated on universal physical law, so yes it is real. Yes death is real, however that does not necessitate an end to something but merely a transition to something else. What the caterpillar calls the end of the world the butterfly calls the beginning.

  31. What if we are the AI experiments of someone?Like other creatures we are also an experiment, with higher body to brain size ratio than other animals, "Bang that's the algorithm" he/she/It shouted and won the best science fair award. And this whole universe is just a simulation of that experiment which he/she/it forgot to shutdown. feeling terrible already.

  32. Bilim adamları kör kör !!! Bu kadar harikulade sistemleri görüp de bunların ustasına yaratıcısına inanmamak ne körlük ve ne acınası bir durum geleceğiniz için endişelenin!!! Ne de olsa inananların Yaratıcısı onları istikbalin karanlık ve bilinmezliğinden kurtaracak sizi kim kurtaracak?! Virüsler mi yoksa mitokondri mi yoksa DNA mı yoksa tabiat mı? Üzgünüm ama bunların hepsi sadece asker Allahın askerleri siz onları canlılık verir diye ahmakane hükmediyorsunuz!

  33. "Bir köy muhtarsız olmaz. Bir iğne ustasız olmaz, sahibsiz olamaz. Bir harf kâtibsiz olamaz, biliyorsun. Nasıl oluyor ki, nihayet derecede muntazam şu memleket hâkimsiz olur?
    Sözler – 49

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