Online Illusions

Online Illusions


Whatup DONG fans? My name is Michael And if you know me at all you know that I love tabs. I have tabs open on my phone, on my laptop, on my desktop. Just hundreds of them thousands of them saved in my history I like to collect websites, which are things you can do online now guys I went through my collection recently and Pulled out all of the ones that were optical illusions These are illusions that I’ve discovered in the last few months or was reminded of in the last few months that I wanted to remember and I figured hey I’ll just share them with you guys here in a DONG. So let’s begin. Now you cannot talk about optical illusions on the internet without talking about Michael Bach. His website is phenomenal. It’s interactive first of all which means that you can really play around with the parameters that make the illusion work. I want to start today with the ghostly gaze. Illusion all right now take a look at this person’s face She appears quite clearly to be looking to the left, right? But now let’s turn down the blur and see what she’s really looking at AHH!!! Us. Pretty spooky right? If you blur the image. She appears to be looking to the left, but take away the blur She’s looking right at you. So what’s going on here? Well this is called a hybrid image It is constructed out of two things. One has what is called a high spatial frequency meaning there’s a lot of edges and details that are very fine. The other has a sort of low spatial frequency It’s more blobs not a lot of edges and detail. The amount of information you get from both of those depends on how close you are to the image. If you’re near an image its high spatial frequency the lines the contrast gives you a lot of information But the big blobby vague shapes kind of just don’t mean anything, but if you go far away You lose your ability to really discern what you’re getting from the fine details and the vague ones start to paint a more clear picture You’ve probably seen an even more famous version of this that involves Albert Einstein or does it? I’m gonna take my phone out turn on the camera and record a video and show you what happens to Albert’s face as I move away. I’m sure you’ve seen this one before but don’t worry. That was a photo. Here comes a video. Alright, so there’s Albert, but now let’s walk away and the first thing we’ll notice is Hannah say hello. Hey, wait a second where’s Albert going He’s becoming Marilyn Monroe. Well actually the further out I go, the more like Marilyn that’s gonna look. Let’s see what happens if I zoom in. Ooohhhh it’s Alberto again! uhh that’s not his name, Alberto. But if I come in close Einstein appears again. This works in the same way that the ghostly gaze illusion works. Here’s a slightly different version, but it’s broken down the two images We have a high spatial frequency image of Albert Einstein, which means lots of fine details edges high contrast And then we have a very blobby Soft not a lot of sharp detail image of Marilyn Monroe Up close an image like this of Marilyn Monroe is hard to decipher. It’s hard to really figure out but the detail in Albert Einstein’s face is easy to see. As we move further away the fine details get lost we lose Albert and the blobby vague shapes start to mean something to us and Marilyn emerges. Pretty awesome. Now I’ve linked papers down below that explain this in more detail. A lot of this work has been pioneered by Aude Olivia. I highly suggest reading those. Obviously what I love about Michael Bach’s website is the fact that the illusions are? Interactive. You’ve probably seen this ambiguous Ballerina dancer before. The ambiguity lies in which direction she’s rotating. Is she turning clockwise or counterclockwise Well as soon as you look you your brain makes a guess and it’s often hard to switch and see it from the other perspective, but have a few friends come over and you might be surprised that they believe she’s moving in a different way. This often leads to arguments over what the figure is really doing But Michael Bach’s website allows you to more easily flip between both directions of rotation by putting eyeballs on the figure. For instance right now I think that she appears to be moving counterclockwise if seen from above so let me hit clockwise Whoa now the eyes help it reverse, and now she’s moving clockwise from above for me. Very very cool, but now let’s talk about the Thatcher Illusion. Right now you probably already think that the face looks a little bit weird Well if you turn it upside down you’ll see that it is actually Really weird. When it faces upside down all of the cognitive tools. We have for analyzing how it looks and what it’s doing well they’re not as great at doing their job, but enough about faces. Let’s talk about color the Exploratorium has a fantastic website full of interactive exhibits. This one I just discovered this morning actually It’s a fading dot illusion. You’ve got a green Blob with a littler blue blob in the middle. Now it’s very important for this illusion to work that you stare at that blue dot and don’t move your eyes. Really just keep your eyes as still as possible and the blue dot will disappear Until you move your eyes. The very second you move your eyes it’ll pop back into frame. Now some people find it easier to just look at the edge of the square keeping their eyes completely still Until the blue goes away, but the second you move your eyes towards anything the blue dot appears That’s because when your eyes move they collect new information and the blue dot which was kind of forgotten as being not important comes right back in because it is now falling onto new cells in your retina. This illusion came from reddit, and I love it We’ve got dots that are popping in and out of existence. The question is do you and I I’m seriously asking you this do you think that the motion illusion created here is of two dots going up and down or of two dots going side to side, or is it dots moving Clockwise or counterclockwise. If you try really hard you can actually flip your perspective just with your own will. Oh yeah I just did it. Now I’m seeing them going back and forth now What’s really interesting is that if you slow down the frame rate of this animation it becomes even easier to flip between the different perspectives. The creator of the gif luckily provided one the moves much slower and here I Find it incredibly easy to choose exactly what I want the dots to be doing for me. When it’s moving faster I honestly cannot picture them moving in any kind of rotationally clockwise or counter clockwise way, but when they’re slow jeez I can just at will at the very moment I decide I want to see it see the motion that I want to see. Now let’s talk about hinged tessellations. A tessellation is a tiling of figures that can cover a plane indefinitely But a hinged tessellation is one in which the actual tiles can rotate and lock back into a new position So here is what I love about this site by Al Grant. Not only do you learn about tilings and tessellations, but you also learn about how they can be Hinged and there’s even a hinged tessellation generator. I can choose between trapezoid and cyclic. Let’s just do trapezoid well let’s do cyclic first. A cyclic quadrilateral is one whose points all lie on a circle and I can choose where I put them. With a square the result is quite trivial but you can choose all kinds of nutty shapes and then once you’re happy with what you’ve got go ahead and hinge them and look you have created a hinged tessellation. Great job. Brilliant org made this episode possible, and I love them. They are right in line with what Vsauce stands for: learning and asking questions. On the site you can run through courses that quiz you and you might not get them all right. I certainly don’t but by getting questions wrong I think you learn more, so let’s just dive into the tessellations page. You can learn about them. Now here we have a question : If extended to cover the plane which of the patterns below is a regular tiling? Very good. Well, I think That I should have read all the information that came before this question But I’m gonna go with D. Oh maybe it’s all of them Incorrect, but look what it says underneath incorrect. It’s okay. Getting stumped is part of learning, and I totally agree! That’s what I love about brilliant.org. Also we are offering a special deal the first 36 people to sign up to brilliant.org using the link below Will get 20% off their annual subscription so check that out. Thank you for supporting Vsauce. Thank you for supporting DONG and as always thanks for watching

Danny Hutson

100 thoughts on “Online Illusions

  1. Considering the name change, it makes it hysterical that he starts out the video saying "what up dong fans"

  2. If you look at the silhouette illusion foot(the one on the ground), try to tilt It up in your mind to turn It counter clockwise
    Or tilt it down to turn It clockwise.

  3. Lol ballerina messed my brain up I guess I was looking at ballerina and it was rotating counter clockwise and I looked at Michael for one sec listening to him and my eye slipped back to ballerina and boom it was turning clockwise lol

  4. I didn’t know that the channel is called dong, I thought it was a a clever way to spell ding, so I thought it was called ding

  5. Trying to think of the turning ballerina turning the other way messed with my head…

    Now i have a head ache

  6. why the translation I've done a year ago to PT-BR is not appearing? So sad… all that effort… πŸ™

  7. 0:40 : you cannot talk about optical illusions on the internet without talking about micheal bach.
    Me:can to
    Him:cannot
    Me: Observe

  8. I think brilliant .org is great BUTT to make people wanne learn stuff you shouldn't ask money because they would redder have a subscription from netflix.com for the same price

  9. 7:36 He really just pronounced it like a 'sick lick quadrilateral"πŸ˜ͺ, I expected more from you Michael.

  10. Im so good at that spinning ballerina thing that i can easily switch direction so she can spin a 180 degree loop and i will still make her switch if i want. And i can switch with the eyes too

  11. πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅πŸ”΄πŸ”΅

  12. omg with the moving dots when it went slow my brain just like cycled through all the different ways to perceive it's motion and i was like WTF

  13. 5:56 no matter how i look the dots appear to be jumping up and down to me. Then when i turn my head 45 degree they appear to be rotating. And when i turn 90 degree i finally see them moving jumping left and right, but that's still up and down to my head.

  14. brilliant.org has a lot of mistakes in their wording of questions leading you down the wrong paths. I reported several questions and answers in the last two years and they changed some of the wording in the questions and answers. Still, far too many mistakes to use the name "brilliant".

  15. So, is the channels name "Ding" = from german "Thing", or "Dong", on English "β– β– β– β– β– " ?

  16. holly frick I just went to the dancing girl link. let my eyes defocus so I saw 2 silhouettes turn on spheres and boom it was spinning both ways. and then ii let my eyes refocus and its was warping into its fricking body

  17. Just found out how to switch the ballerina direction just look in a different part of the screen so the ballerina is in you peripheral vision

  18. Man, the days where we heard Michael call this channel β€œD.O.N.G” were the best
    I was wondering when they would realize their GIANT mistake with the name

  19. is it only me or does it sound like michael is saying, "What up, Donphans!" in the intro (i'm a pokemon fan if you can't tell)

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