Neutralité, j’écris ton nom – #DATAGUEULE 23


Owning a road does not allow to choose which car can ride it Hello ! On Internet, Every package is born free and equal in rights Packages are the small bags that transport the information circulating on the network of networks. As it was created, the network is only a pipe that carries all these packets in a neutral way whatever their content. This is what we call “net neutrality”. Nothing new here. After the Second World War in France, the National Council of Resistance Already proclaimed the neutrality of correspondence and applied it to the post. The role of the mailman is to transmit the letter of John to Steven, whatever its content. But the Internet is growing, and companies responsible for managing the pipes, the internet providers, have grown in importance. But the biggest providers like the American Time Warner or Comcast also produce contents to fill these same pipes. As a result, when they see passing freely on the net, stuff similar to what they sell in their cable offers, The temptation is great to turn off the faucet. In 2008 in the US, Comcast was condemned by the FCC, the Federal Communications Commission. The US giant had quietly chosen to modify packages from BitTorent, A peer-to-peer file exchange network. These packets, once transformed, would turn off the user’s connection and prevent the transfer. In 2013, in France, the provider Free has deleted by default for its subscribers all the advertisements on Youtube, to put pressure on the giant Google. 2 examples where not only the mailman opens the envelope but in addition he rewrites the letter according to his needs. Recently, network overload has become the new red flag agitated by the network giants. Some content providers would clog the pipes. According to a study, Netflix for example use 34% of the bandwidth in the United States at peak hours. Study conducted by the Canadian company Sandvine, whose business is precisely to sell tools to regulate the network. In addition, it’s Sandvine’s services that blocked BitTorrent in Comcast’s pipes. A detail. But luckily, ISPs have the miracle solution. Charge the larger services, such as Netflix. Those who can pay the bill will then have priority in the pipes. Its like opening a VIP lane on all highways, reserved only for a few luxury cars. While the others remain stuck in the traffic. The current battle is indeed one of content and its business. The TISA accord, which has been under negotiation since 2012 within the World Trade Organization, confirms this. It must regulate trade in services between 50 countries of the world, 70% of the world market. And one of its paragraphs could well bend the net neutrality. The one who submits access to services and applications to a reasonable management of the network. Just what it takes of blur to allow a 2-speed Internet. And while the luxury cars roll on their private lane, all the other contents will remain stuck in the traffic. Blog posts, innocuous videos, services still unknown, everything that every citizen might want to publish or create freely. By targeting net neutrality, ISPs are tackling online freedom of expression. They slide towards a model that has proved its worth: television, Where a few decide what the people should see. [screaming] [digital interference noise] [digital interference noise]

Danny Hutson

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