How to Punch Down a Network Ethernet Patch Panel

How to Punch Down a Network Ethernet Patch Panel

Hello, and thanks for visiting. Today we’re going to go over how to punch down a networking patch panel. Now, don’t forget to also check out our YouTube channel for other videos as far as, like, how to make an ethernet cable, or how to terminate a fiber optic cable, product videos, anything low voltage networking. Check us out. Other than that, let’s get to it.
Okay, so we’re going to start off with our Cat5e cable. Now, this is a four pair, 24 gauge cable. And let’s go ahead … Tools you’re going to need, one of the tools, a little pair of electrician snips, and we’re going to go ahead and cut some of this off. Now once the jacket is removed, you’ll notice there’s a pull string in here. We’re going to want to pull some of that back. The reason why we’re pulling some of this back is sometimes with your snips around the point of your cut, you’ll cut into the sheath over the copper conductor, and we don’t want that, we want to avoid that. We’re going to go ahead and pull this jacket down. We’re going to cut a piece of the jacket down over here, and then we’re going to trim some of this off. Now as you noticed, we have four pairs of cable. We have a blue pair, an orange pair, a brown pair and a green pair. Let’s get to our patch panel.
We have a 24-port patch panel in front of us, CAT5e. You’ll notice that there is a color code on the back of this panel. Now, there is a color code of 568B and 568A. Figure out what you want your wiring to be, but the more common one nowadays is 568B. This is a 110 patch panel. This is the side view of it and I want you to notice that there is eight positions here. When we untwist our four pairs, we’re going to have eight conductors left. This is where we’re going to lace our patch panels into, the conductors are going to slide right in there where there’s this little V group that will hold our cable in place.
Now, we have our four pairs of cable here. Go ahead and untwist the pairs, there we go. Now we have eight conductors of cable. Let’s get back to the patch panel.
So, on our patch panel, as I’ve mentioned before, there’s two types of pinout, the A and the B. We’re going to wire it up with the 568B pinout. On our copper conductors, we will go ahead and follow the colored cable to the coloring on the back of the patch panel. This would be considered your solid blue, it would go in the solid blue slot. This is your blue white. We’d lace it down in the white blue. Same thing goes for the orange pair, the green pair and the brown pair. Okay, so before we start lacing our cable into our patch panel, you might be tempted to start lacing it on the right, the blue pair or the brown pair. Typically what you’re going to want to do is you’re going to want to start in the middle and keep your cable right here, keep it in the middle. Reason being is to ensure Category5e transmission performance, you should not untwist the paired conductors more than half an inch. If you were to start way over here on the blue side, your brown pair might suffer some speed there when you put it on your certifier, when you lace it down. Now, let’s continue the process here. There you have it. Keep in your mind you have your blue/white to your blue/white here. Your solid blue to your solid blue. White/orange to your white/orange. Orange to your orange, the green pair and the brown pair and so on. As I said, just match the color coding on the cable conductors here, match it with the 568B pinout or the A, if that’s what you’re doing. Center your cable to the middle of your 110, so that way the conductors aren’t more than half an inch untwisted.
Let’s get to punching it down. What you’re going to need is an impact tool. You’ll notice it has a high and low setting, we’re going to put it on the high setting, it’s already on there. The blade you’re going to need, you’re going to need a 110 blade. Okay, now you’ll notice on your 110 blade, one part of it is a little bit pointier and sharper. That’s the point that’s going to go ahead and cut the end of the cable that we don’t need, off the 110. Now, don’t forget, we also have these patch panels online, CAT5e, CAT6, shielded, all kinds of stuff you can go ahead and order there.
With your 110 blade, you’re going to want to go ahead and line it up in the proper slot and go ahead and give it a push down and move onto the next conductor. There you go. It’s going to be the same exact process for the next port and the next, just go ahead and follow that 568B, or A, wiring color code that you’re doing. Now you can go ahead and order all this stuff online and don’t forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel and to like us on Facebook. Thank you.

Danny Hutson

99 thoughts on “How to Punch Down a Network Ethernet Patch Panel

  1. Interesting how he is terminating with the cable on the outside of the 110. I have always installed the cable between the termination rows.

  2. Awesome video, its very concise, clear, and super easy to understand. That is the exact patch panel that I am looking for. Mercy, do you have the exact SKU number so I can order it online? Thanks!

  3. good video. Well presented. Nice close-ups. Thanks! Is it the same for phone patch panels? e.g. I was considering buying this for cleaning up the telephone wires in my home. Not sure how I would connect the phone wires to the ports

  4. Thanks a lot Mr. Mercy for the nice video,
    it is possible to use one network cat6 cable for both PC and IP phone? 
    I mean, can I generate a port from an existing port with out using a small switch or other device.

  5. Can you punch down multiple cores in the one holder? I'm using a patch panel for a home project that uses RJ45 and a panel as a connection board.

  6. This might sound silly but how is the copper inside the wire conducting to patch panel. Usually in electric cabling we remove outer cover of a cable and expose the copper and connect the copper to the board. How does this work without you doing that. the tool just cut off the extra part right.

  7. Take it from a 15 year public speaker and news anchor.. don't say "go ahead" so much. Other than that, it's a well done tutorial. Not too fast, and the video looks good.

  8. is it better to place all of them first on the patch panel and then punch them down ?what happens if you punch them as you place them one by one?

  9. Thanks, some good tips in here, never occurred to me you can strip the outer coating with the thread.

    Don't mind the trolls.

  10. it is great, but, why didn't u do the second one?…..does it have to b wired at mirror image color order? or, looking from the center, u have to go in the same color order from left to right? please, include an explanation about it, and, if possible, as well, and clear, as this one, thx in advance….

  11. is that a TIA EIA Standards?? if it is, then why is 568A starting with with Blue instead of Green? 02:56

  12. how come i see some videos where they will punch down all 8 wires on one side and some videos shows that 4wires gets punch on one side and remaning 4wires will be punch on the bottom part ?

  13. Great video. Very clear, easy to see what you are doing and the explanation of each step was completely easy to follow. I appreciate the time you took to make a very useful video.

  14. Nice video. Most manufacturers recommend keeping your punchdown tool set to the LOW setting when punching down patch panels as damage can occur to the patch panel. Often people will set their tool on HIGH thinking it cuts the wire better. LOW works fine. If it doesn't, you probably have a dull blade and you need to change the tip.

  15. I understand he was keeping the cable on the outside of the patch panel to show the color coding but the sheath to the cat 5 should be inside of the patch panel. Other than that, great video.

  16. Great Video! The most detailed and thorough on punching down cables on a panel. You even explained how to properly use the punch tool. This may be the best video about this process on youtube. Thanks Mercy!

  17. Theres too much labor on this type of patch panel we always install a keystone type patch panel instead

  18. What happens if you mix the A/B up? how do you know which to choose, and if it is on the wrong one will it still work?

  19. Remember to use patch panel with caution, they have blades from the back, or you'll end up with bloody fingers like mine.

  20. I have a cat5e patch panel and I punched down number 1 port to see if I was doing it right before terminating all other 23 patch panel ports. I connect number 1 patch panel port to my Cisco switch and im not getting anything on my device. Do you know what could be the problem ?

  21. My punch down tool doesn't "click" like this. I have it set on high impact. The tip just sort of springs in, but it never "impacts" it seems. Am I doing something wrong or is my tool defective. It is brand new. It seemed to work OK, but it took a few times before the wires were actually cut.

  22. I would not untwist the pairs before punching. Use the raised peak to wedge between each pair to keep the twists in-place up to the block to minimize cross-talk and signal loss — this is critical for cat6(a) certification — then untwist the pair on the cut side before punching down for a cleaner cut.

    Then you'll get a tight connection with minimal signal loss and a lower chance of needing to undo a patch due to a test failure.

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