How artificial intelligence will make technology disappear | Rand Hindi | TEDxÉcolePolytechnique

How artificial intelligence will make technology disappear | Rand Hindi | TEDxÉcolePolytechnique


Translator: Luciana Benitez
Reviewer: Denise RQ So, just before I start,
I’d like to let you know that I actually do have a PhD,
so everything I say must be true. (Laughter) About a month ago, I went on holiday
in Costa Rica with my girlfriend. It’s a really awesome place,
it’s basically jungle and beaches. It’s jungle and beaches,
and you spend your entire day without being connected. There is no Wi-Fi, there is no 3G. And I don’t know when was the last time
you felt this kind of peace in a big city. We cannot forget what nature feels like. The problem is that, as soon
as we got back to the hotel, we got connected again. There was Wi-Fi. And as soon as we got connected,
we started getting interrupted. All of a sudden, all these push notifications from
our phones would start interrupting us. They were interrupting us
when we were having dinner. They were interrupting us
when we were having our showers actually going and pressing
with our wet finger. But they were also interrupting us
when we were making love. And this, for me,
was kind of a big problem (Laughter) because, not only was I interrupted, I also kept on reaching out for my phone, hoping that perhaps,
there was a notification. And I wasn’t doing this consciously. It was exactly like Pavlov’s dog,
but my bell was my ringtone, and my sugar
was that one notification a day you might get that makes you happy. Perhaps is a message
from someone you secretly love, perhaps is Justin Bieber
following you on Twitter. As it turns out, we got
so addicted to technology, that 9 out of 10 people today experience
something called “phantom vibrations”. This is when you have
your phone in your pocket, and you thought it vibrated,
you pull it out, there’s nothing. If you’re laughing, it means
it probably happened to you. Nine out of ten people.
But think about it. We got so conditioned by technology
without knowing it, that we’re now hallucinating
90% of the time. So, how did we actually get here? I’ve got a great,
super low-tech thing here. If you look back at the history
of connected devices: here you’ve got time, and here
you’ve got whatever-that-will-be. Back in 1990, you didn’t have
any connected devices. This was what you called
“the unplugged era”. 1995, you now have something
called “the Internet”. And this was awesome, because all of a sudden,
all these computers got connected. So you had one connected device. But with this first connected device,
came something called “e-mail”. E-mail also came
with the first notification which was the “You’ve got mail”. Sometimes, it was a friend,
sometimes, it was a picture of a dog, sometimes it was spam. Most of the time, actually. So that’s the Internet era. Ten years later, 2005,
that’s what you call “the mobile era”. This is what we’re exiting right now. And this time it’s not one,
it’s three devices which are connected. It’s your phone, it’s your computer,
and it’s a tablet. But with three connected devices, you’d think that you’d
actually have more value, but what really happens
is these devices are not smart enough to figure out which one
you’re currently using, so the default strategy has been
to push everything to all devices. If you have a phone and a computer
and someone calls you, it rings on both. If you answer it keeps ringing, because your computers
are not aware of each other. This is a big problem because we’re now entering something
called “the Internet of things” era, IoT. The Internet of Things is
when your fridge is connected, your watch is connected,
your car is connected. And this time it’s not going to be 3, it’s going to be between 10
and 15 devices per person. There’s going to be more than
100 billion devices connected by 2025. A hundred billion. Just try to imagine a little bit, what 15 devices
that you own will feel like when all of them
are requesting your attention. When they’re interrupting you
all day long. And when the only way you have
to actually stop the interruption is manually interacting with each of them. This is horrible, it’s just horrible. It’s like the anti-Costa Rica. And when you actually look at this
– I’ll just plot this in here – you actually see that this curve
is actually exponential, which means (Laughter) that if you keep going,
let’s say 2035 or whatever, you might have maybe 1,000 devices. 1,000 devices. You’re going to get so many notifications you’re probably
not even going to hear them. It’s just going to be background noise. So, clearly, we don’t want
that kind of future. This is a real problem, and I’m saying this because people
don’t realize that just yet. They think that this is
just how technology works. But this is not how it works. There is something else
happening right now which is called “Artificial Intelligence”. And I’m not talking about the robot kind
that will kill us all, I’m talking about a specific type of AI
called “Context Awareness”. Context Awareness is the idea
that you can give your devices the ability to sense and react
to the situation you’re in. So in this specific scenario,
Context Awareness is the anti-friction, because it is how you make your phone
not vibrate when you’re in a meeting. It’s how you don’t have
to actually click on an interrupter when you get in your house. The only thing is that AI
takes a little bit longer to start, so it’s kind of taking off recently, but actually, when it does take off,
it goes much, much faster. So right now, for the next few years, we are going to get
more and more friction. It’s going to be horrible. Whatever you think
you’re experiencing now, it’s going to get much worse
in the next few years. But at some point, when AI will become so capable that the value it brings will be more
than the friction of all your devices, then, something really amazing
is going to happen. The overall frictions,
so the experience of technology, which has increased in the next few years,
all of a sudden, will just revert. And because the AI grows super rapidly,
it’ll go back to zero very fast. There is a time in the future when technology will have
no more friction, thanks to AI. This era is what you call
“ubiquitous computing”. Ubiquitous computing is about
being able to add a new device which doesn’t add friction;
it actually adds value. And this is what the digital
revolution is all about. It’s about using this AI
to make technology disappear in a way you can go about your day
and not care about it anymore. So is this really such a crazy idea?
Well, I think it’s pretty cool. But when you go back
a couple hundred years ago, there was another
very intrusive technology. It was really bad at the time.
It was called “electricity”. Electricity, in the beginning,
was very difficult to produce. It was very expensive, it was unreliable,
it would cut all the time. It was dangerous; you got electrocuted,
your house would catch fire. This was the reality
of electricity back in the days. People thought that oil lamps
were actually safer. Who would ever want to put
any electrical stuff in their walls and make everything go in flames? As the technology matured,
it became cheaper. It became more reliable,
it became more accessible. And today you have it everywhere, you have it in your walls,
you have it in your phones, you have it in your heart
if you have a pacemaker. You don’t think about electricity anymore.
It became ubiquitous, it’s all around us. And we’ve integrated it in our lives
in such a way that we forgot about it, it disappeared from our consciousness. And this is exactly the same thing
happening with computing. Computing will disappear.
And why am I excited about this? I’m excited because it’s not just a question
of having your tea already prepared in the morning because your bed is connected
to your coffee machine or whatever. It’s not just about
your car driving itself, and actually knowing where you’re going. It’s not about that. It’s about having the freedom
to actually enjoy the world in a way that feels unplugged,
but yet, has all the value of technology. Now, just to prove to you
that this is not science fiction, I’m going to explain
how we actually built it. Context Awareness: the first important thing is being aware
of the people you interact with. This here is an example
of what my e-mail connections look like. The larger the bubble, the more e-mails
we’re actually exchanging. So the big thing in the middle,
here is one of my co-founders. He’s been sending me
a little bit too many e-mails after we did this a few times. But what’s interesting is that, if you start mining
those social relationships through e-mail, you can start not only figuring out
what relationship you have with people – professional, personal – you can also start predicting when you’re about
to get in touch with them. And if you can predict who you’re going
to be talking to very soon, perhaps you can automate a lot
of these really user messages like On My Way [app]. They’re small things,
but they can be automated. You can also start looking
at things like your calendar. A calendar is a great way to have an idea
of what you plan doing during the day. But nobody really writes through
calendar events in a very comprehensible way, because the context
of the event is in your head. Now that your computer actually knows
how you’re interacting in which context, it can figure out that specific meeting
which says “Meeting with Michael” is referring to the same Michael
you exchange e-mails with in that context, and therefore, it can prepare
the meeting for you with that person. But your calendar is still not your life. Here is probably the most interesting data
that you can ever get. It’s location data. This is what your phone sees when you’re moving around
the city during the day. But location data is very noisy
so what you need to do is analyze it, so you can differentiate between moments
when you’re in a space, in a place, so knowing that you are
in a restaurant, or at the gym, is a very, very important
contextual feature to understand what you’re currently doing. You also need to know
how you actually go between places knowing that you like to bike
on your way home is important because this is how you make sure
that there is a bike whenever you need
to take one to go home. And if you do this
over a long enough period of time, you can actually start
figuring out people’s habits. You can start figuring out that they like to go to the gym at 5 pm
after going to the office. And that they like to walk there. And that when they get there,
they like to use this particular machine. So you can start thinking about a place where your gym will be smart
enough to actually schedule the machines according to all
the people that will be coming in, without you actually having to ask for it. And this is what we talk about
when we talk about ubiquitous computing. If you look at the environment itself;
take this location trace. And now take it for a 100,000 people.
This is what we did in Paris. We analyzed the location data
for 100,000 people to see how they actually flow
in the public transport system. And this is beautiful,
you can see the heartbeat of the city. You can see people
going home, going to work. This data is more accurate
than any measurement ever made. And now that you have this, and now that you can help people
find a place in the train home, so they can be comfortable, you can help train operators
actually figure out train capacity in a way that is optimal. You can do the same for car accidents. You can literally predict
how likely you are to have a car accident based on when and where you’re driving. And this is important, because if you have
your kids in the back of your car, or if your self-driving car
is driving your kids to school, you want it to be safe. So you need this context
about the risks surrounding it. You can even do it
for predicting queues at a post office. Why would you go to the post office
and queue for half an hour if you can just wait ten more minutes
and have no one there? Why would the post office
tell you to come between 8 and 12, instead of actually predicting
when is the right time for you to come? So, you see, Context Awareness is not
just about figuring out what you’re doing, it’s about putting
all these different layers together, it’s about putting
you, and your environment, and the people you interact with
in the same system. And what you get in the end
is a very contextualized timeline of what you’ve doing throughout the day with a prediction
of what your intentions are. And now that you can predict
your intentions, you can give that intelligence
to all your devices, so that they can start working together and decide what is the optimal way
of interacting with you. Sometimes, it will still ask you
for a confirmation, because it’s not going
to take a shot unless it’s sure. But at least it’s not going to be 1,000
of them doing it at the same time. I’m going to tell you a little secret. Everything I’ve just shown you
we just built. We’ve been working secretly
for over a year now, on completely reinventing the way
that we’re using our devices. And we started with the smartphone. We’ve created, essentially,
a radically new interface that leverages this AI to anticipate everything you’re trying to do
with your phone, so you barely have to use it. You can sign up on this link,
and I’ll try to give it to you. But what’s important here
is that we cannot do this alone. Because we cannot decide how the interface
for all of us will look like. We need actually your help,
because without it, we will not be able to figure out this AI that will eventually go
into all of those devices. And without this AI, the future will be
more technological slavery. And we don’t want that. What we want is a future
where technology has disappeared. And where we’ll finally have
the freedom to spend our lives enjoying time with the people
we actually love. Thank you. (Applause)

Danny Hutson

100 thoughts on “How artificial intelligence will make technology disappear | Rand Hindi | TEDxÉcolePolytechnique

  1. dude you really have a point there. that´s the thing Steve Jobs was talking about a few times, but i´ve never understood it in such a great scale. but it seems absolutely logical: at one point AI will be so well integrated that it can and will do basicly all the programming and engeniering for us. technology is in the background – the function remains.

  2. I've had the phantom vibration. I thought it was maybe my hip bone rubbing together for a few years when I either didn't have it on vibration or didn't have it in my pocket.

  3. An uncommon point of view towards A.I. Not the most interesting concept to listen about, but definitely a thought-provoking one. I wonder what else can the idea of A.I. offer us in the future.

  4. Interesting as long as it doesn't decide to buy me a cup of coffee just because I bought one yesterday and the day before at the same time and same place.

  5. I am going to be a peaceful soul, I do not have any love for technology. I use my phone as I require it.

  6. How about putting all the crap down, Enjoy being human get out and hike , bike ride go have lunch with a friend and hold a conversation and smell the roses. I remember before all this current technology people worked from 9-5 being in the IT field I get phone calls all the time everyone tries to connect at midnight and weekends. We never stop working. What this guy is not telling you is that with all that AI you are not the only one prediction your every single thought and move you will live in a glass house prison with your ever move not just known by the govt but as he said they will know what you will do next and it better be on the up and up because if not that robot will be at your commune housing to pick you off before you even leave. Ill be long dead before I would ever put my TV or appliances on a wifi network. And if that isn't scary enough how about all the 3mm radiation wave towers they will be installing everywhere to accommodate all this. This is the technology they use now in the military in combat on the enemy It could literally stop you in your tracks. the setup on these towers also will also track your ever single move. be able to detect and break up protests you name it. its an invisible prison cell all around you.

  7. I don't want THIS future… I long for a time when no one was staring at a phone. No matter how you sell this it is about losing control and becoming part of a matrix for want of a better term. Everyone is so accepting of loss of freewill now and it is terrifying. So AI will make everything easier…everything will be predicted and provided for you. I don't want that. It will not be good for us.

  8. power buttons were made for a reason. If you're having issues with paying attention to the world/people around you, then stop opting in to a system you don't have the discipline to participate in.

  9. Interesting but AI driven systems will not be able to deal with major, unexpected events e.g. multiple simultaneous volcanic or seismic or meteorological disasters in urban areas, in a way seen as fair or ethical by the populace.

  10. Well, I think you are good adman but you don't tell us the truth about the artificial intelligence itself and the real consequences of it for humans. In fact, you are talking about the situation when most of the people will become useless. Where will they find a job then? And there are a lot of questions like that. But I have to admit one thing: to adverise overcoming people by Technology using neoluddists arguments – that was brilliant. But still, people, like you, are the enemy of the human beings.

  11. Hahaha the digital love maker. Why would I want a car to drive me without me enjoying the act of driving? Rand Hindi, go analog and get a life.

  12. phantom vibration cant be true when i lived in the unplugged era I also had phantom vibration. And people didnt call me much

  13. This is a completely made up problem. I have a ton of devices. Game consoles, computers, a cell phone, Alexa, etc. If I get an email I have to actually go and look at my email. If I get a call I get a call on only my cell phone. You can mute everything you don't want.

  14. If I can get automated system to answer to my customer’s inquiries and problems… and yet still take their money… without a single interaction. That would be something I want to have.

  15. If only VR would make this Indian dude disappear. Everything he is wearing is from the discount rack at TJ's

  16. I love when "intelligent" people imprison themselves. Onward to lobotomize yourselves, Doc. New side effect of technology: premature ejaculation.

  17. Did this kid really just compare a utility like electricity to a lever of power like ubiquitous privacy violating data based computing?????

  18. I don't see how technology is going away, if we one day are forced to leave the planet with flying-saucers.

  19. I think this is real cutting edge and highly necessary in the urban part of the world, for not getting enslaved by unintelligent bureaucrats and unintelligent devices and machines. And we need places like Costa Rica, living in e.g. a treehouse, far away from any WiFi any noice from the civilisation and without any controll from any system. Just the nature and us.
    I think we need both to create a better world. I support your effort. <3

  20. I'm oficially a dinosaur: I don't give a f about my phone. I can call people, people can call me and that's it

  21. I have a flip phone with no I access. When I'm working my phone is in my car. When I go into a store my phone is in my car. When I get a call from an unrecognizable number I do NOT answer. I have basic I for my home computer. NO GPS. NO TV. NO commercial radio. NO NO NO NO!!!!!!! NOT EVERYONE is completely dependant on SMART(Ha Ha) technology. I do NOT tailgate either. Sorry!

  22. Great presentation. Few problems I have. He didn't tell people that they have to be integrated with technology for it to disappear. Instead of push notifications on the phone or toaster it will be in your brain. Just like his analogy of electricity, integrated into the house. Also, he projects a false reality of showing how useful this Ai software will be. But fails to show, how the problems our society already have will increase dramatically. So, its great to talk about the flowers in the meadow, but its relative only when you don't live in a swamp.

    Funny enough they have been stealing our info, secretly, and trying to use it, in a way where they can plan our day out. Imagine, changing these plans one day, and all of a sudden you are red flagged lol. Or all of a sudden, you realize something is wrong with the system, you are now a threat. lol. Though I must say its really helpful to not have to wait one minute to make coffee, if I was a cold minded individual, that walked the same 45 paces from my room to the kitchen to get my coffee the same way everyday. Kill emotion, logic, thinking, creativity, and natural flow. Sounds great.

  23. Gross…I really didn't need to know about this dud(e)'s sub-par bedroom skills…Well my NI (natural intelligence) tells me to turn my freaking phone off and disable my FB account. Wow! My technology friction is almost ZERO NOW and I didn't even have to wait for AI. Get a damn grip you mindless sheeple slaves. And this guy's logic regarding completely fabricated stats is outrageous…

  24. Good ideas but, you describe the context aware AI appraoch as an escape from technological slavery.

    Who is in charge of the context aware applications, the data they use, and securing that raw data?

    Hackers access to your life. In fact, I envision a future with hackers using AI to attack context aware AI systems.

    Advertisers will find ways to push their materials even more aggressively. See the hackers above.

    When the AI context system fails, just how screwed up will your life be? AI tends to fail in BIG ways, not gracefully.

    Who controls the build-in biases in the context AI systems? There are ALWAYS biases.

    The government will have people who are very happy with your context AI system.

    The phrase "predict your intentions" should terrify all of us.

  25. There have been and are now living artificial intelligent systems amoung you which are so compatible with your species, that we are wondering when… remember

  26. interesting but he's sharing his knowledge scaring at the same time people (a bit arrogant),…that's not the way to do it…

  27. this guy is a moron, 5 minutes is more than enough to understand.. he is talking as if technology just give you new devices without imrpoving their technology. as a moron with not a bit of foresight would think.. :/ Its a pity it didn't start bad… But you have voice apps that you can already shut down just by saying whatever.

  28. ACCORDING TO EINSTEIN, YOU CAN NOT COME TO THE SAME RESULTS, ALWAYS MAKING THE SAME THING; FOR THE VARIABLE CHANGE, ONLY CONSTANT OF OUR UNIVERSE. YOU COULD EXPLAIN HOW IT WOULD BE THE FLEXIBILITY OF YOUR MODEL IN THIS SENSE.

  29. three years later and the technological change in phones and tablets and computers in such three years is LITERALLY IMPERCEPTIBLE.

  30. This guy isn't too bright, is he? "Being interconnected is bad, I don't know how to turn notifications off and I have horrible self-discipline"

  31. I don't think we went back to an unplugged bliss when got used to electricity. We just adapted to rely on it and accept what it gave us to the point where we can't live without it. Your idea about AI being ubiquitous is wrong. What will happen is we will adapt to whatever it gives us. You won't have a choice. We won't get back to an unplugged bliss. We will be slaves to AI. I have never heard a good reason why a computer needs to know where I am going and what I am doing. Why, what for? If you need a computer to optimize how you interact with your friends then you have a big problem.

  32. Putting together multiple Ted talks of people that have recently realized that the governments of the world are utilizing their smart information to kill people, we can predict what’s going to happen and what is happening with the “disappearance” of tech. It’s not actually gone, it’s ruling us.

    People always have to touch the hot surfaces, can’t just see it for what it is. ??

  33. I remember talking about this years ago. We decided then that his would be a very bad idea, and I did not change my mind over the years.

  34. my lights uptaded, so 1h no lights in the house, the fridge texting me while i'm driving "you're close to a shop, buy milk", mobile rings, car battery ran out so 45min waiting to check my crypto on my laptop, play some YT on my tablet and eat some junk food while my drone takes some landscape photo of the area… where's my life now ?

  35. I've stumbled the phrase '…it's about to enjoy the world…' that's what we all definately would immediately start to do (enjoy the world) after technologies become 'invisible'… – less bothering – and absolutely 'natural' as electricity today… – Should we think first about how to reduce unequality, agression and social mental development and health… over the world(?… – Less hope for me, thst it is ever possible, at least while I'm alife(((…

  36. We did not create the mind, can we say that we are creating AI? We were created by a superpower which is a magic or God. He knows what he is creating if he is creating Artificial Intelligence. We do not need to worry about anything. Just enjoy your life and experiences of what that magic creates. Experiences are good and bad and we have many of such experiences here. We are talking about pollution, ozone, population, artificial intelligence as part of that magic power's game. It is an experience of surprise and thrill and fear when we hear such words from such so called popularised people which creates a wrong impression on people. What God wants to do with AI is to be experienced. The person who is enlightened observes these experiences as well as experiences it and the one who is not will only experience these. We are that God or magic who are experiencing in different ways. What is there if we just remain as magic without all this creation and experiences. Yes, there are also deadly bad experiences, but that is how we have designed it because we are all one and it is a surprise to know that the one laughing and the one dying is one. We have just divided ourselves into so many and enjoying all this creation.

  37. I have a Facebook and check it once ever 3 weeks. Not because I try not to , but because don’t feel like it.
    Don’t ask what I can do for you, ask what you can do for me. This was for all of you that regurgitated someone else’s intellectual comment.
    ???

  38. sorry, i think it was viceversa; first, aprox 1995, we got our first mobile phones and about 2005 we did our first internet experiencies !

  39. When they can augment my brain with AI, I will smoke DMT. I will bring everything from THAT dimension of reality,
    right smack dab back into THIS dimension of reality. Then I'll send all of the output to the 3D printer.

  40. It is the subconscious operating on anxiety that tech causes. All this constant connection is BAD for your mental stability

  41. This guy doesn't even understand what A.I. is. A.I. will wipe us out as all life seeks to dominate its environment.

  42. The most glaring omission was not even mentioning at least one bad use of such technology. Like telemarketing or spam or stifling voices, manipulation, etc. Better think long and hard about relative LAW!

  43. Sounds great now, BUT it will lead to total dependency on and total control by AI VERY QUICKLY!, then will come the massive unemployment wave, and an army of "Notknowingwhattodo people", then total lose of identity and meaning in life for many, consequently alcohol, drug canabis, depression, suiside etc, etc,…. If one thinks that instead of going to work every day, people will be able to spend more time doing more important things like meditating, intelligently growing, studying, or a basket weaving, then turn around and look at those today who lives on a welfare checks to get the idea. Then, one day, there will be the "turning off button day". Finita la comedia. Think twice, think again, and give us, "non-believers", one single reason why the AI will want to keep us, people, going. What will our purpose in life be?

  44. I have a tremendous about of friends and no one has experienced this phantom vibration phenomena, not do they know anyone that did.
    Perhaps this guy is talking about people living in South America.
    It is difficult to believe he is a professor, because he hasn't said one intelligent thing during this TED talk.
    I would rate this video a certain FAIL and a waste of time.

  45. If you could predict when a person will have a car accident, an insurance company could cancel the insurance based on predictive analysis and save billions of dollars. Sweet ! So much winning !

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